There are numerous hypotheses to for what reason a person becomes who they actually are and how they got there, what makes it difficult to understand can be which accurate theory to follow and believe that. Listed certainly are a brief examination of a few ideas and two case research of two troubled youth adults that will help to open a windows to experience what is happening to society’s youth and how they will contribute to adult life. Although, a lot of theories are about regarding teen delinquency, tapering them to one option is nearly inaccesible.
Knowing that a theory is actually an educated suppose, one can see there is not one single cause for delinquency in society today. Yet , there are several ideas that should be regarded as and explored. We should help to make a more specific look at characters and determine where crime actually starts.
The following are two separate crimes and for a large number of, the correct hypotheses surrounding all of them. I will check out theories including the Robert Agnu’s General Pressure Theory which in turn suggest that anger, frustration and adverse thoughts are associated with negative and destructive associations. I will likewise explore Sigmund Freud’s psychodynamic theory which implies delinquent actions are a product of abnormal character structure produced early in life which usually consciously regulates her selections.
Juvenile Delinquency I will start with Lakeisha McCoy a 16 year old girl living in Malvern Arkansas, a rural place in county seat of Hot Suspension systems with the populace of 9, 021; (Wikipedia 2000) Lakeisha is from a single father or mother home with her mother and three other your female bros surviving around the income bucks 375 weekly and no fatherly figure in the home. Lakeisha’s mother works 40-50 hours per week with the Waffle Residence and is without daycare pertaining to the younger kids. Therefore Lakeisha is unsupervised for better part of (6) hours following school as a result of her mother’s schedule. Lakiesha’s mother posseses an extensive criminal history possible mental illness, and was a troubled youth.
The lady chooses sweethearts are less than desirable residents most possess little job security and drug and alcohol habits. Lakiesha was recently imprisoned for shoplifting at the neighborhood dollar store after robbing two pairs of shoes and three tshirts. Next subject is Martin, a 14 year old men who comes from Dallas Tx, a large metropolitan city with the population of 1, 299, 543; (Wikipedia 2008) Martin is coming from a two parent home with one younger sister living for the annual income of $100, 1000.
00 a year. Martin’s mother and father are both used, however , they work opposing shifts to ensure at least one parent or guardian is available intended for supervision constantly. Both parents keep the kids at home after school plus they are not associated with any following school or perhaps extra family functions.
Martin was imprisoned for breaking and getting into a neighbor’s home in daytime when his mother was a doctor’s scheduled appointment with his young sister. What would society believe to be the reasoning behind both Lakeisha and Martins crimes? Some would state “There merely troubled kids” or maybe would say “It’s because not had supervision”.
However , research and theorists view it in a completely different way. Let’s check out Sigmund Freud’s psychodynamic theory which suggests late behavior is a bi product of unusual personality structure formed early on during the commencing stages of life. This theory would then clarify her selections in human relationships and how she feels about their self. Example mental torment usually leads children in to violence and aggression.
An neglected kid attention from peers can introduce them to a family framework or bunch. This theory indicates that children act on unconscious desires and needs. With id, egos, and super spirit functioning together a child may live a regular in the areas of personality if one turns into dominate after that abnormal personality traits can be viewed in a “God” like complex. (Siegel et ing. ” 2003). Arousal advocates believe that obtaining thrills is actually a motivation of committing offences.
They believe children commit offences like shoplifting for the thrill of perhaps getting away with it. In addition they believe this kind of directly linked environmental and genetic causes and this group responds to another brain stimuli. This might indicate that several children need to know more stimuli to feel comfortable which links larger degrees of enjoyment. The ideas do not quit with just a chemical joy seeking side of these kids; there are a few other facts to consider. (Siegel et ‘s., 2003).
Robert Agnu’s Standard Strain Theory explores the notion that anger, frustration and adverse thoughts are directly linked to bad and dangerous relationships. Model, Lakeisha’s mom is one particular with damaging tendencies, she actually is ridiculed and called labels which affects her behaviors both inside and outside your home by holding a since of fear. Disappointment and anger.
This kind of eventually causes antisocial patterns. He indicates that the adverse behavior is associated with a certain expert group that might lead the adolescent to riskier tendencies such as medication use. (Siegel et ing., 2003). Likewise Edwin Sutherland’s differential connection theory advise children exposed to and learn prosocial and asocial attitudes and behavior; and therefore the meanings of breaking the law surpass the explanations of being legislation abiding.
Lakeisha’s mother has a long criminal history including, shoplifting, robbery and drug working. Since Lakeisha was subjected to this tendencies most of her life, the girl begin to understand the law differently than a child in whose parents had been law stable citizens. Terrence Thornberry’s interactional theory suggests most start criminal activity is linked to the weakening of social provides during teenage years; marked by deterioration of attachments of function within a society.
It also believes that seriously late children form a counter cultural idea system that justifies their behavior they will interact with expert groups that that strengthen the same kind of behavior and beliefs. This reinforces the word “Birds of the feather head together”. Together they may try to find excitement and engage reckless habit and by accomplishing this; they will warrant their actions by proclaiming “we must do something for enjoyment” (Siegel et ‘s, 2002). In Lakeisha’s case all three ideas can be linked with her habit, individual sociological and developmental stages have all been reflectivity of the gold.
From delivery Lakeisha was statistically predisposed to devote crimes and have a overdue youth. Today, there are 75, 000 kids incarcerated over the United States as well as the number in continuing to rise. Studies show that in 19999 there were nearly (2) mil juvenile adjudicated in the United States process of law.
That is a growth of 27% since 1990. The number of medication law violations increased simply by 168% community order elevated by 74% and offenses of a person increased simply by 55% (Puzzanchera, 1999). Martins’ case is definitely linked more towards the interactional theory and arousal theory than the reverse. His actions seem better to turn on the positive factor than the last mentioned.
After several years of juvenile justice the overall consensus should think about exploring generally there issues initially. look in and around each of the theories and possibly children may avoid road blocks in their method. REFERENCES Promote care and juvenile delinquency (n. deb. ) Recovered July 24, 2010, via http; // www, ark. edu/psyc112/fostercare/. Pussanchera, C (1999) The national juvenile court docket data records.
Retrived March 19, june 2006 from Juvenile Court Stats Web site: http//www. ncjrs. org/pdffiles I /ojjdp/201141. pdf#search=Juvenile%20statistics Siegel, L (2002) Juvenile delinquency, The Main, Belmont, LOS ANGELES: Wadsworth Sigel. J., Welsh, B, C, & Senna, J. M. (2003) Teen Delinquency: Theory, practice, and law (8th Ed. ). United States: Thomson Wikipedia (2002). Retrieved July 27, 2010 from the cost-free Encyclopedia Site: Wikipedia (2006) Retrieved July 27, 2010 from The totally free Encyclopedia Website