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Era of high stakes assessment in article

Modest Proposal, Testing, Self Aimed Learning, Field Trip

Excerpt from Dissertation:

Just 32. 6% of Dark-colored households use a computer, when compared with 65. 6% among Asian-Americans, 55. 7% among Whites, and 33. 7% amongst Hispanics. In the same way, only twenty-three. 5% of Black households have Internet access compared to 56. 8% between Asian-Americans, 46. 1% between Whites, and 23. 6% among Hispanics” (p. 31). This so-called “digital divide” gap, nevertheless, between the “information haves” and the “information have-nots” continues to reduce and more and even more young people are applying these technologies in and out from the classroom (Subramony, 2007). As a result, high school professors today should never only understand how these technologies work, they have to be able to help guide their college students in their powerful use pertaining to educational hobbies. In this regard, Labbo notes that, “The drive forward of fresh digital literacies involves the critical requirement for educators to raised understand how to support students discover how to use new computer technology equipment and digital genres” (p. 200).

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Therefore, to the degree that these young learners do not find ICT resources in their classrooms or teachers who have do not know how to use them effectively will likely be the extent to which they are disappointed and discouraged (Ng, 2008), two circumstances in particular which are not conducive to actively interesting students inside the learning method and assisting them develop the critical thinking skills that are necessary for success at school as well as in businesses after graduation (Waters, 2008). In this regard, Rudo (2008) stresses that, “Students seem to be more in tune with 21st-century abilities than the adults who keep sway above their education” (p. 53). Likewise, Lacina (2009) remarks that, “In some cases, professors are not prepared to make technology a critical component, or a great interactive element, of classroom instruction” (p. 270). Plainly, then, high school teachers should never only carefully understand how to use ICT-based assets effectively, they have to identify the best way to use these kinds of resources for the unique set of students who enter into their classes based on the particular skills pieces these scholar possess, or do not possess, and exactly how these can be taken to achieve excellent academic results. In some cases, this may involve assisting high school students discover how to use these types of technologies in the first place while in others it may well require supporting them work with what they already know to their ideal effect in the classroom.

Some educators may be hesitant to invest the time and effort needed to attain these mixture of expertise, nevertheless a growing body of evidence indicates that it can be definitely within their students’ needs to do so, nonetheless it is also in the teachers’ needs as well. For instance , Saddington and Clarke (2006) note that ICT resources can assist teachers inside the countless administrative tasks that detract by classroom teaching, and these resources could also help them provide students while using timely responses they want and need. For instance, Saddington and Clarke write, “A volume of studies demonstrate the strength of ICT for use in assessing students. Specifically, ICT can help teachers by simply storing and recording information regarding how college students understand material and in reducing the process of feedback to students” (2006, p. 20). Other benefits of integrating ICT methods in the classroom consist of:

1 . Meeting the requirements of aesthetic learners;

2 . More interactively teaching whole-class lessons;

a few. Better interesting students; and

4. By using a variety of media within a whole-class lesson – such as online video, pictures, blueprints, and websites (Lacina, 2009, p. 271).

Taken together, the use of ICT resources in the classroom has been shown to provide a wide range of benefits for students and teachers as well and all signs indicate that their use is here to stay. Moreover, the use of these ICT resources may be reasonably supposed to increase in the near future and problems are discussed further listed below.

Current and Future Styles in ICT Applications in Education

Because noted above, innovations in ICT always introduce fresh technologies that are being adapted to classroom applications every day, which pace of change seems to be increasing too. How these future innovative developments in ICT resources can affect class room instruction continues to be unclear, but some future trends can be extrapolated from the current trends in the use of ICT in the classroom. In accordance to Kiridis, Drossos and Tsakiridou (2006), “Nowadays, ICT has become a significant component of school curricula, a encouraging tool to get providing teachers and students with enhanced teaching and learning options in the whole selection of school subjects” (p. 74). These styles in ICT applications in the classroom can be explicated based on the present curricular offerings of a volume of industrialized nations around the world around the world. For example , Kiridis fantastic associates add that, “The content material of the nationwide curriculum transactions of countries like the UK, the us and Quotes provide very clear evidence for this shift through the teaching of ICT by itself to the infusion of ICT as a significant tool in the school curricula” (p. 75).

Other current trends can be seen in what types of ICT resources happen to be most commonly being used for classroom applications. For instance, Ng (2008) advises that, “The amount and variety of resources freely on the World Wide Web (WWW) at no cost to students and teachers have got increased considerably over the last ten years. These applications include cooperation, virtual testing, virtual discipline trips, job work and distance education” (p. 24). Yet various other ICT-based enhancements that have basically altered the way in which in which educational services are being shipped in the classroom include both simple and formal applications. As Labbo paperwork, “New digital literacy types include the relaxed (e. g., emails, forums, discussion boards, video conferences), and the formal (e. g., site design, power point sales pitches of an assembly of knowledge, multi-media video compilations)” (2006, l. 200).

A survey executed by Hurd (2006) with regards to how ICT resources are generally used in class room settings gives a useful snapshot of current trends as well. According to Hurd (2006), more than fifty percent of the professors surveyed use interactive whiteboards for classroom instruction that may be focused work using PowerPoint and other applications. In addition , Hurd notes that, “Relatively couple of teachers employ single pcs within class as part of a circus of activities, and computer achieved team online games, which were once relatively well-known, are now utilized only occasionally by less than a quarter of teachers” (2006, p. 36).

Stretching these current trends in ICT development and application in the classroom into the future, it is fair to claim that the Internet will remain the common denominator that is involved, but the ways in which young scholars will connect to online resources and use those inside classroom activities will continue to be expanded by stronger, sophisticated and interactive peripheral devices. In this regard, Leithner (2009) points out that, “The objective when using the Internet in the classroom is the creation of independent scholars through scaffolding lesson plans and authentic jobs, such as applying podcasts” (p. 34). Therefore, it is contingent after teachers to keep abreast of these types of innovations in ICT solutions and how they are really being used to facilitate learning, but it may also be important for those to identify just how these solutions can be ideal applied to their own unique circumstances to keep learning actions relevant to the lives with their students. In the event that school zones elect to focus their ICT resources in a computer lab, they may not be using any and all the advantages these resources have to offer in classroom settings.

Current trends in the use of online whiteboards, for instance , can help get over this restriction, but the make use of these ICT resources requires a thoughtful approach to their use to ensure that learning is relevant and actively activates student fascination. As Hurd emphasizes, “Networked interactive whiteboards tend to totally free teachers out of this constraint. Yet , they can strengthen a teacher-centered focus inside the classroom unless of course teachers work hard to develop methods for active student engagement” (p. 36). Furthermore, many institution districts include purchased expensive interactive whiteboards based on the benefits and positive aspects listed in the product description only with tiny thought getting given to using these in their particular classroom environments (Lacina, 2009). The rapidity of the pace of innovation in ICT resources being used in the classroom as well makes the progress a set of guidelines challenging, but these trends most point to the increased make use of ICT resources for educational applications in the future.


The suggested study will abide by the preliminary timeline displayed in Stand 1 under.

Table 1

Preliminary fb timeline for task completion


TIME (MONTHS) (2010-2011)














Bibliographic Queries





Photocopy details from non-bibliographic sources








Submission of thesis proposal



Fine tune analysis question and methodology



Info collection






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