In the try things out AC circuits, the purpose was going to see the impact that a capacitor, resistor, and inductor possess on the volts, and current of a signal. We produced circuits with 2 resistors, a capacitor and a resistor, then a capacitor, resistor, and an inductor. The circuits were then hooked up to a function generator, and oscilloscope to find the volt quality across certain frequencies and then calculate the height current, capacitive reactance or perhaps the inductive reactance, and phase difference.
When beginning the experiment, we measured the resistance of both resistors with a digital multi-meter and received beliefs for R1 as 559 Î© +or- 10 Î© and for R2 as 108 Î© +or- 10 Î©.
After testing the level of resistance, we located each of them in series over a circuit table and we increased the rate of recurrence four different times starting from 100 Hz to 5, 000Hz and tested the volt quality across every resistor and determined the phase marriage. We then simply replaced the 559 Î© resistor using a 1Î¼F capacitor, where all of us performed an identical process, only this time we all increased the frequency 8 times, including 100 Hz to 5, 500 Hz testing the ac electricity across the capacitor and resistor, and seeking the value pertaining to Î” to.
We in that case calculated the peak current, capacitive reactance, and phase big difference, and then plotted the reactive capacitance or the period to get a slope (3731. 3) and after that determine a great experimental value for the capacitance (4. 2654*10^-5 F) where we then calculated the percent difference (96. 52%). Subsequent, we substituted the capacitor with a great inductor, repeated the same process, except instead of measuring capacitive reactance, we all measured inductive reactance, and after that plotted inductive reactance versus the rate of recurrence and utilized the slope (. 0185) to calculate the value for L (. 0306). Next, we added the capacitor back into signal, aligning them all in series where all of us repeated the task finding the trouble across the inductor, capacitor, and resistor, then simply graphed the current vs . the frequency. Then i went back and determined the percent difference between the resonant frequency based on theory (8926. 766 Hz) and the fresh resonant regularity (1374. 9259 Hz) and got a value of 146. 614%.
In regards to the mistake, the majority originated from the possibility that our circuit was improperly create, causing to the current to essentially bypass the resistors. Portion of the discrepancies inside the percent difference with the capacitance is because the staple a 20% doubt to the1Î¼F capacitor, concerning the rest of the percent difference; We again add it into a flaw in our circuit build. In deciding the experimental value pertaining to the resonant frequency, all of us derived this kind of value from using information from your graphs. In my opinion if the graphs have been more accurate, it will have led to a much more exact value that lays nearer to the assumptive value. One other possibility pertaining to error is that inductors get their own resistances that we disregard for the sake of ease. The added resistance from the inductor was not was taken into consideration by any of each of our measurements. Likewise, it should be noted problem might control from imperfect scope psychic readings.
Knowledge attained from this laboratory will allow me to strategy circuits far more thoroughly and make conclusions via very little supplied information. For instance if I came upon an ALTERNATING CURRENT circuit that had a five-hundred Hz regularity and that had a resistor and EITHER a capacitor OR a great inductor, I would personally be able to determine the remaining element from advice about the voltage in various places. In the event the voltage throughout the circuit leads the ac electricity across the resistor, I would know that the remaining element is an inductor. Similarly, if the routine voltage lags the resistor voltage, I might know that the rest of the component is actually a capacitor. However if the signal could have a capacitor AND an inductor, I would require more information in order to determine the circuit’s composition.