According to statistics in the Environmental Safety Department, in Hong Kong, stable waste produced daily weighs in at around 17000 tones, of which around 30% is organic and natural matter (2700 tones) which can be roughly equal to 120 double-deck buses in dimensions. Compared this to the ALL OF US where, unveiled by the Environmental Protection Agency, only 12% of waste materials stream was scrap of food in 2005.
Extra care in disposal is required for these putrescible wastes, in any other case nuisance towards the environment will be caused. Food waste not merely causes a feculent choking smell, but also discharges a huge amount of focused greenhouse gases, methane and polluted water, all of which happen to be leading to a global warming that people highly concerned with.
All the food wastes are currently got rid of to landfills, however all of the existing landfills will be over loaded within 5 years. Building of new landfill is a difficulty because of a not enough available space that is a long way away from household areas. Consequently , seeking out alternative ways pertaining to food waste treatment is becoming an imperative for the government.
Ahead of discussing trimming food waste at its supply, there is one other possible destiny for surplus food besides disposal ” Food recycling where possible. The food waste materials for food recycling can be categorized in to two parts: edible (bread, vegetable and meat) and inedible (bones and eggshell).
Food Spend Processor
Basically, inedible food waste products are useful in this they can be recycled and used again. Through all-natural biodegradation simply by bacteria, each of the organic waste will be changed into organic fertilizer and garden soil stabilizer.
In line with the journal of “Food waste materials composting ” sustainable organic and natural waste management (Jonathan, 2003), in some advanced countries in Europe, central food spend treatments have been practiced for many years. All the home-based food waste materials will be gathered and transported to central composting establishments which are set up far away through the residential areas. However , this kind of huge center is unavailable to Hk owing to the limited location.
The Ecotech Food Waste materials Processor, a brand new technology for the similar purpose has been tested in Hong Kong, which includes Hong Kong Airport terminal, housing estates and colleges. Due to the small space of Hong Kong, it can be well-designed for being used in small communities just like restaurants and housing properties which are the primary sources of meals waste. A sizable processing capacity 100kg per day is supported which has a small measured machine.
The automatic cpu is easy to work and is equipped with self-adjustment of temperature and moisture that happen to be decisive parameters for the speed of response. Also, the specially formulated microbes and materials are being used in the cpu to increase the speed of biodegradation. To enhance the transportation productivity, the volume of food spend will be decreased by about 90% in twenty four hours. The composite fertilizer contains high nutritious value which include nitrogen the industry major element for flower growth.
This new technology is suitable for Hong Kong, since it has limited space. Each of the food squander can be reused and become beneficial materials rather than being got rid of in landfill. Besides lowering the load of landfill, the valuable organic and natural materials, that are transformed through the “waste, will be nutrients to our health and the entire world. Since fruit and vegetables grown by organic fertilizer is much healthier to human than those cultivated by chemical fertilizer. Therefore , this cpu should be trusted in Hk in order to reduce the amount of food waste and raise open public awareness of this exigent difficulty.
Surplus Foodstuff Donation
The Environmental Safeguard Department stated that “the amount of food wasted by Hong Kong’s restaurants, hotels, and food manufacturers has more than doubled during the past five years.
Hard work should be centered on collecting leftover food charité as a big pile of edible meals waste is established from eating places every day. Foodlink is a non-profit organization working away at this factor. It takes surplus food via over 40 hotels and restaurants and delivers that to charitable organization groups just like Home of Love in Scam Shui Po and Action Care that works with the significantly less privileged areas in world.
Regarding to an article “The food chain (Grace, 2012), about one million people in Hong Kong are enduring hunger and struggling to fill their very own stomachs. Recently cooked meals is something which they cannot support on a daily basis, specifically the one mil people in Hong Kong who are living under the poverty line. Actually, these government-sponsored meals banks just provide processed or prepackaged food which can be unhealthy over the years. On the contrary, the hot leftover foodstuff from the hotels and eating places is nutrient rich.
Actually this creates a triple succeed situation for the landfills, charities and hotels. By simply examining the amount of excess food that travel to the charitable trust, the lodge can determine the appropriate quantity of food for each and every day. Eventually, not only fewer food waste will be produced, but the cost of excess foodstuff production and food squander treatment may be reduced and eliminated. Likewise, less recyclable food will probably be wasted and disposed to landfills. As a result sponsorship to those charities and public marketing promotions is an obligation for the Hong Kong government.
As the old saying goes “Prevention is better than cure, cutting the food squander at its origin is the best approaches to solve this matter. However , inspite of there being fewer food waste being disposed to landfills, the food waste problem is going to continue to occur if the eating routine do not transform.
Food spend charge
Similar to the sound garbage expenses being marketed in the past several months, food waste charges could possibly be implemented in restaurants to reduce this problem commercially. According to Friends with the Earth, in the catering industry, hotel buffets and eating places that offer “all you can eat are the significant sources of uneaten food, which in turn goes into the landfills.
Various customers in whose “eyes will be bigger than their stomachs usually purchase far more meals that they are able to consume, therefore the surplus foodstuff eventually needs to be disposed of. A lot of hot pan restaurants that provide “all you are able to eat purely charge the leftover food per kilogram in order to minimize theproblem. However , only a few resort buffets in Hong Kong are going to charge to get the uneaten food because it may reduce its elegance.
In overseas countries, Birmingham and America are good part models which can be attempting to make use of this policy to resolve the food spend issue. A Chinese cafe Kylin Buffet in London charges you a $32 “wastage fee for the extra food. A “guilty fee is enforced to fee the uneaten food in a Japanese cafe located in New york.
In order to enhance the popularity of food waste costs, promotion and communications with restaurants are necessary for the government. Through this kind of policy, this arouses general public awareness of meals waste so the eating habit may well finally boost. Since the food waste charge acts as a prompt and alert to customers to make self-adjustments to their urge for food.
All in all, for hundreds of years, famine features continued to take place somewhere during human history. Actually the current meals production and storage in the world is more than enough to support the whole foule if we can easily minimize meals waste. The food waste processor, leftover meals donation and fee asking are the substantive measures to minimize the food waste materials and reduce the load of landfills from two main elements (usage and source of food waste). Like a Chinese proverb says “every grain can be from hard toil, hardship is required in food developing, we should enjoy food and respect the type that nurtures us.
1 ) Food Waste Management in HK. (2011). Environmental Safeguard Department. Gathered from http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/english/environmentinhk/waste/prob_solutions/owt_food.html
2 . City and county Solid Squander in The United States ” 2009 Specifics and Statistics. (2010). Epa. Retrieved via http://www.epa.gov/wastes/nonhaz/municipal/pubs/msw2009rpt.pdf
3. Jonathan, W. (2003, May). Food waste materials composting ” sustainable organic and natural waste managing. New Périmètre, 3, 12-13. Retrieved by http://www.hkbu.edu.hk/~cpro/online_pub/nh0203/nh0203_12-13.pdf
some. Monitoring of Solid Squander in Hk ” Waste materials Statistics for 2011. (2012). Environmental Security Department. Retrieved from https://www.wastereduction.gov.hk/en/materials/info/msw2011.pdf
5. Elegance, T. (2012, April 19). The Food String. Retrieved by http://hk.asia-city.com/city-living/article/food-chain
six. Order Fewer Waste Much less. (2012). Close friends of the Globe. Retrieved via http://www.foe.org.hk/welcome/geten.asp?id_path=1,%207,%2028,%20150,%204310,%204566
You may also be interested in the next: food waste essay
1Get your custom Essay