From this paper, Let me discus two theories which have been related to early on and middle adulthood. As well, I will talk about the strengths and weaknesses of each of the ideas.
The two ideas that I possess selected will be Erikson’s Closeness versus solitude to explain early adulthood stage, and the Your life Events Approach theory. In the Erikson’s psychological developmental theory (intimacy vs . isolation stage), Intimacy may be explained because “is the cabability to fuse kinds identity recover of someone else without fear of loosing it” (Feist, 08, 258). This further means an potential and determination to share a mutual trust. It consists of sacrifice, consideration, commitment and so on.
Isolation on the other hand, is the psychosocial counterpart of intimacy. It truly is defined as “the incapacity to consider chances with ones identification by showing true intimacy” (Feist, 08, 259). Erikson believed that there should be a fine ratio between intimacy and isolation; while too much seclusion can even more cause problems just like depression. Appreciate is the basic strength that you can get as a result from your crisis of intimacy versus isolation). Relating to Erikson, love includes intimacy but it also contains a point of isolation, because every single partner is permitted to retain a separate identification (Feist, 2008).
Strengths•His theory gave a life span developmental process. •His theory explains each level in detail including the time frame, and the changes included. •He dealt with it is important to move through the periods in order or it could triggers crisis. •Extended Freud’s theory into diverse developmental phases such as teenage years, adulthood and old age. •Claimed that expansion occurs through the life span. •Places emphasis on social and historical influences on development in his theory•Conflict involving the opposing portions of each phase produces a great ego strength or standard strength. Weaknesses•His theory is definitely not depending on scientific proof. •His psychosocial developmental theory does not take into consideration different nationalities of the world. •The age groups with all the developmental periods do not sound consistent. •Generalizes that everyone goes through similar psychosocial developmental stages.
The Life-Events ApproachIn the earlier variation, some events such as a loss of life of a other half, divorce and marriage could possibly be life changing and may influence an individual’s development. In other words, this kind of events may force the person to change their very own personality as they bring along large amount of stress. Yet , contemporary life-events approach emphasizes that individuals personality development does not only rely upon the life situations itself yet also in mediating factors (physical health, family helps, for example), the individual’s adaptation for the life function (appraisal from the threat, dealing strategies, intended for example), the life-stage context, and the sociohistorical context (Santrock, 2008).
Strengths•Helpful addition to understanding adult development. •Takes in to perspective your life stressors and other mediating parameters that could affect ones creation. Weakness •The life-events way places too much emphasis on change. •It would not adequately recognize the stability brands adult development. •It overlooks daily events that may be very demanding as well for individuals. Therefore , through this paper, I use discussed two theories relevant to early and middle adulthood in detail. Both the theories are Erikson’s as well as the life events approach theory.
Also, I have discussed the strengths and weaknesses of each theory. References Feist, J., & Feist, G. J. (2008) Theories of Personality (7th edition). New york city: McGraw-HillSantrock, T. W. (2008). Essentials of life-span advancement.