Torture can be taken to be considered a process of inflicting pain to someone in whatever contact form for uses of obtaining information. The information to be offered is usually a confession. In this regard, pain can take a form of physical contact form or mental as well as psychological form. Torture is a agonizing experience quietly of the person to whom the torture is completed. The main target is to pressure a person to concede and develop some vital information. Pain is often used as a judicial process of impelling prisoners to give information.
Through this paper, the argument within the justification of torturing prisoners is advanced after studying several moral theories that discuss pain of prisoners as reviewed by Holmes.
The first theory is that of utilitarianism. In respect to this theory, the good for most is the target. Therefore , this justifies torture for the prisoners simply by stating that torturing one person for the excellent of the majority is acceptable (Holmes, 1984).
The 2nd theory worth mentioning is the Kantian duty-based ethics. According to this theory, reason specifies morality (Maliks, & FÃ¸llesdal, 2014). Therefore , with the right explanation, then the take action done is moral. Subsequently, since torturing prisoners is not considered to be right, it is unacceptable. In other words, torture is unjustified. Additionally, virtue ethics also contribute to the view of torturing criminals. The theory is definitely grounded on Christianity. It advocates that the motive with the person decides the justification of the action (Holmes, 1984). Since pain is not virtuous, it becomes unjustified in this regard. Lastly, the Christian-principle structured ethics can be seen in terms of like and rights. Whereas folks are called to love one one more, there is area for treatment when a incorrect act is usually committed. Therefore , according to this view, torture is validated to the extent that the standard Christian concepts are upheld.
The best method to resolve the question of whether to torture or not is utilitarianism. The theory places emphasis on the excellent of the bulk. The theory would not state that torture is good, but it really justifies that when it is performed on one person for the great of many persons.
I disagree having a member who advocates that Kantian duty-based ethics must be used in determining the values of self applied for the prisoners. In respect to this theory, the right explanation defines the morality of any actions. Accordingly, right reason may vary among persons. While some might find it rightful to subject matter a prisoner on pain, others may possibly feel normally. In addition , some individuals may self applied prisoners based upon their feelings and not based on the requirements with the law. Therefore , this theory cannot adequately bring about proper rights. Failure to torture a prisoner may well not produce the information that may be important to save most people from conceivable catastrophic incidents in the future. Once again, torturing criminals to settle conflicting feelings is probably not justified as it does not add up to justice. Utilitarianism theory is the only one that answers the question that criminals should be tortured if the result is the better good for many. It gives an improved reason for performing torture against prisoners. A prisoner is a wrong doe who justifies a punishment anyway. Since the Kantian duty-based values is not adequate to get vital information from the prisoners, that cannot be beneficial.
Sherlock holmes, A. F. (1984). Integrity, approaching ethical decisions. Downers Grove, Unwell.: InterVarsity Press.
Maliks, R., & FÃ¸llesdal, A. (2014). Kantian theory and man rights. Ny, US.
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