Question: Compare the role that nationalism played in Italy, Germany, and Austria in the years between 1848 and 1871.
Failure of the Revolutions of 1848
Austrian Forces had been driven away of North Italy and Mazzini proven the Both roman Republic in 1849. oFailure of Italian revolutionaries to work together resulted in Austria and France taking control of Italy.
German Unification- unification movement in Italy moved to Sardinia-Piedmont under Ruler Victor Emmanuel, Count Cavour, and Garibaldi. •In response, the Italians replaced realpolitik instead of romanticism.
oCount Camillo Benso pada Cavour of Sardinia-Piedmont led the have difficulties for German Unification. oEditor of Arianne Risorigimento guided Sardinia-Piedmont into a liberal and economically viable state. oThe Law of Convents and Siccardi Law sought to minimize the effect of the Catholic Church. •In response, Pope Pius IX issued his Syllabus of Errors that warned Catholics against liberalism, rationalism, socialism, separation in the church and state, and religious liberty. oGiuseppe Garibaldi liberated southern Italy and Sicily and May 1860.
•Germany and Austria
Failure from the Revolutions of 1848
Nationalists and liberals of the Holland Parliament did not get support of Prussian king, Fredrick William IV, for a unified Germany. •Humiliation of Olmutz- Fredrick Bill IV recommended a plan for Germany unity. Austria would a plan intended for German unity only if Prussia accepted the leadership from the German Bund, which is dominated by Austria. Austria would not accept the lost of sovereignty and stepped back.
Zollverein, German customs union in 1734, is the biggest source of stress between Prussia and Luxembourg. oKleindeutsch Program is a prepare of a unified Germany with out Austria was seen as the most practicable ways of unification between various A language like german states. oOtto von Bismarck led the drive to get a Prussian-based Hohenzollern Germany and gained favour with the full by the “Gap Theory” oPrussia’s victory unified much of Indonesia without Luxembourg. •The kleindeutsch plan prevailed
•Austria was given generous peacefulness terms
•Italy received Venice via Austria
The legislative house, Reichstag, contains two houses that shared power equally, while the reduced house, Bundestag, had reps by men universal suffrage.
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