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Harm lowering and substance abuse term paper

Hilton, Substance Abuse, Hepatitis W, Sexual Addiction

Excerpt from Term Paper:

This allows the client to set their amount of behavior on the continuum and assess the numbers of risk associated with their behaviors. The entier also permits the client to evaluate the ways by which their actions over time, simply by examining many ways in which their particular behaviors are actually different to past behaviors. This may allow clients to recognize they have already made some progress toward significantly less harmful behaviours, or might allow them to discover specific incidents which triggered developing more risky behaviors. The damage reduction unit allows the client to assess their very own current scenario and plan the actions which they wish to take to modify their long term behaviors.

Applications of the model

The injury reduction version has been applied predominantly to drug wrong use issues, nonetheless it is also ideal to apply the model to get a wide range of sociable and well being behavior alterations. The model has been efficiently used in many areas which includes weight loss, cigarette addiction and alcohol habit. From the rules of sciene it is possible to develop appropriate, situation-specific continua for every client who have wishes to change behavior and minimize potential harms.

Harm lowering has been found to be an effective tool inside the treatment of alcohol addiction, due to the accessibility in the model. The model has become successfully used due to the strategies by which this addresses challenges related to alcohol abuse without requiring finish abstinence via an individual. A number of who have failed on classic abstinence applications such as those promoted simply by Alcoholics Unknown have made a lot of progress using harm reduction techniques. The techniques have already been successful because they set several stepping stones which have been made the decision by the client themselves. This may lead to full celibacy at some future time, though that decision is definitely left to the individual themselves and not imposed upon all of them (Witkiewitz and Marlatt, 2006).

Strengths and limitations

The primary strength from the harm lowering model is in the way which the model could be applied within a non-discriminatory way to any part of the population. The underlying rules are based upon approaching the client in a non-judgmental way, which should remove lots of the prejudices which can be associated with additional models. By way of example some of the groupings who happen to be most in danger of harm by substance abuse will be those of ethnic minorities and low socio-economic status.

There main constraint to the version is that to ensure that the non-judgmental principles in the approach to be performed it is necessary for health professionals to take out any personal stigma or perhaps prejudice. There is absolutely no room inside the harm reduction model intended for the personal viewpoints of the medical care or interpersonal care specialist to allow their very own personal feelings to become active in the decisions manufactured regarding treatment. This may be challenging for some experts, particularly those who have worked for several years in an environment which has advertised other models. For example rns who have worked in an environment in which they’ve been encouraged to urge people to quit smoking may struggle to adapt to a framework through which it is not appropriate to put in force abstinence.

Injury reduction version and substance abuse

Harm lowering theories were first placed on substance abuse inside the 1920s each time a group of British doctors figured it may be necessary occasionally to take care of a person on drugs in order to help them lead a more productive existence (Riley, 1998). The region of Uk Colombia in Canada became the first North American jurisdiction to adopt methadone routine service as a type of harm decrease, with most of North America pursuing in the 1960s (Griffin, 1998). When HIV infection became a significant threat for injecting drug users, injury reduction approaches became even more comprehensive and even more holistically centered.

Harm decrease is quickly taking hold as an alternative to the moral unit (exemplified by the ongoing “war on drugs”) and the medical model (addiction defined as disease). These two types have very long dominated U. S. drug policy and addiction treatment philosophy. Injury reduction is seen by promoters to be a middle path between the two polarized opposites of the medical and ethical models. This promises to supply practical and humane assistance to drug users, their families and communities. Lively drug users have supplied much of the impetus for the development of harm decrease including all their advocacy inside the Netherlands ‘needle exchange’ programs which are created to reduce the likelihood of HIV illness among drug users who otherwise discuss potentially contaminated syringes. Critics of injury reduction decline it to be overly permissive in its denial of strict ‘zero-tolerance’ guidelines and its advertising of alternatives to abstinence. Some possess labeled that a ‘front’ for medication legalization (Marlatt, 1998: 2-3).

Basic principles of harm reduction in substance abuse

You will discover five basics which have been discovered for harm reduction. It offers a practical alternative to the various other models offered which focuses on the consequences of harmful actions rather than the meaningful implications. Secondly, harm lowering accepts alternatives to finish abstinence such as needle exchange programs and methadone repair. Thirdly, damage reduction is founded on consumer input and demand rather than a ‘top-down’ model, helping to make drug users more open to the version. Harm decrease also supports low tolerance access to treatment and a user-friendly approach. This minimizes barriers to treatment and widens access. Lastly, injury reduction will be based upon compassionate pragmatism rather than in moral idealism (Marlatt, 1999). One of the major variations between injury reduction and also other approaches toward substance abusers is that through the harm reduction model they are really accepted as individuals who are competent of rational, informed options. The injury reduction theory accepts that drug users will tend to reduce trouble for both themselves and to society when offered the knowledge and the opportunity to do this (Des Jarlais et approach., 1993). The model will not attempt to either condone neither condemn drug use, nevertheless does esteem it like a choice (Hilton et ing., 2001).

Key guidelines and tools intended for assessment

The model of damage reduction meets with the Transtheoretical Model of Alter, which has been suggested as unit which shows behavioral difference in an individual. According to this model, the initially stage in change is definitely the precontemplative stage. At this stage, damage reduction strategies should offer a comprehensive assessment of actions in a non-judgmental and supporting atmosphere. This can be the stage where the specialist should begin to develop a relationship of common trust and respect while using client to make certain they remain approachable for the subject of change despite not having reached the decision to alter at this stage. Evaluation of the patient’s behaviors must be used at this stage to point out challenges, raise doubts about behaviours and talk about positive aspects of change.

The 2nd stage of change in the transtheoretical model is the contemplative stage, where the client intends to change all their behavior within the next six months. It is at this stage the continuum of behaviors must be introduced to understand the client all their current risk of harm. This stage offers an opportunity to talk about the concept of a spectrum of options for change, permitting the client to make decisions about which will areas of the continuum they will feel competent of reaching under their very own current personal circumstances. Now it is important that there exists an emphasis on the customer’s rights to improve their mind. There should be a comprehensive analysis from the risks and rewards in the current behaviors, and information should be provided to aid the client in reaching their desired goals.

The next stage in the transtheoretical model is a preparation stage, in which the customer is seriously planning enhancements made on the next month. The most important element of harm reduction at this time is education and expertise training specific to the behaviours that the consumer has recognized as acceptable.

The fourth stage from the transtheoretical model is the actions stage, when the changes happen to be implemented. Injury reduction plays an important part at this stage in supporting the change work and supporting the client with self-evaluation of the changes and progress which can be being made towards the chosen goals. At this stage it may be necessary to get a new goals and strategies at the client’s signal.

The penultimate stage of change is a maintenance stage, where the improved behavior has continued for at least six months. Injury reduction strategies continue to play an important part in promoting the changes which have occurred. Because the client extends to goals and behaviors modify, there should be a reintroduction in the continuum to get the client to make the decision whether they want to revise the program and make further adjustments.

The final stage of the transtheoretical model can be relapse, when the client returns to their prior behaviors. This stage is usually not attained by every, only these in which the procedure has separated at some level resulting in go back to harmful behaviours. At this stage injury reduction has an important role in supporting

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