In philosophy, the “self” is employed to refer for the ultimate locus of personal personality, the agent and the knower involved in each person’s actions and cognitions. The notion from the self features traditionally brought up several philosophical questions. Initially, there are inquiries about the nature and very lifestyle of the personal. Is the self a material or unimportant thing? Is the self a real point or rather a merely nominal object?
Second, is the self the object of a peculiar form of introspective knowledge, and if so , what does this tell about its best nature? Third, what is the relation involving the nature with the self and the linguistic phenomena of self-reference, such as the make use of the first-person pronoun ‘I’? In this program, we will investigate these and related questions with a special concentrate on the issue of the unity in the self.
In the first half the course, particular attention will probably be devoted to new works on the relation between nature with the self, the unity of agency as well as the process of self-constitution by authors such as Korsgaard, Velleman, Dennett… In the second half of the course, we will discuss a number of the peculiar top features of self-knowledge and consider if the idea of self-constitution can highlight them. The self will not really exist as anything truly true because: not necessarily available to introspection (Hume); it is not a thing (Existentialists); it is a sencillo fish within a sea of general meanings or illustrations (postmodernists); and it may not be found in the brain or the activity (neurophilosophers). There are many other lines of attack require examples are sufficient to illustrate what is wrong with these autocides: they are looking for the wrong kind of entity or in the wrong place or perhaps both.