There are numerous theories about personality and many different strategies. I am going to talk about the Trait, Cognitive, and Motivational strategies and how they apply to myself as someone.
Trait theory is based on many assumptions. The first assumption is that any difference among people that is viewed as significant may have a name. The second is that these names, understands as qualities, and are created of since continuous sizes. In general, Characteristic Theory assumes that people fluctuate simultaneously on the number of character factors.
The Trait Theory which i am going to employ, is the Five-Factor Model (FFM), or The Big Five. The FFM says that the five major categories of traits will be Open mindedness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism. (OCEAN) In order to apply the FFM theory to my life, I actually tool the NEO-PI test out. I will list my benefits while aiming to explain even more about me.
Extraversion is marked by simply pronounced diamond with the external world.
Extraverts delight in being with people, are full of strength, and often experience positive thoughts. They tend to become enthusiastic and action-oriented They like to discuss in groupings, assert themselves, and draw attention to themselves. I obtained “high within the Extraversion part of the test. Which means that I are sociable, fun loving, energetic, and lively. I favor to be about people much of the time. It rated me on subcategories beneath extraversion. As a way from the maximum (most apparent traits in me) towards the lowest (traits that are not solid in me) here is how I actually scored: Friendliness, Gregariousness, Assertiveness, Activity Level, Excitement seeking, Cheerfulness. I used to be very disappointed to not be regarded as more happy.
Agreeableness displays individual differences in concern with assistance and cultural harmony. Agreeable individuals benefit getting along with other folks. They are consequently considerate, friendly, generous, useful, and willing to compromise their very own interests with others’. Agreeable people likewise have an optimistic watch of human nature. They believe individuals are basically honest, decent, and trustworthy. Based on the test, my personal level of Agreeableness indicates a very good interest in others’ needs, and a concern for their well being. I actually am enjoyable, sympathetic, and cooperative. It also rated me on subcategories under agreeableness. In order from your highest (most noticeable traits in me) to the most affordable (traits that are not strong in me) here is how I scored: Modesty, Commitment, Sympathy, Trust, Morality, and Cooperation. While I scored very high in most in the subcategories, as well as the category overall, apparently I actually am not so cooperative, because I only scored a 4/100 because area.
Conscientiousness concerns how we control, regulate, and direct each of our impulses. Impulses are not inherently bad; occasionally time restrictions require a click decision, and acting on the first instinct can be an successful response. Likewise, in times of perform rather than function, acting automatically and impulsively can be fun. Impulsive individuals is visible by other folks as colorful, fun-to-be-with, and zany. I scored low on Conscientiousness, indicating that I like to live for the moment is to do what feels good now. My work tends to be careless and disorganized. I had been also graded on subcategories under Conscientiousness.
In order through the highest (most noticeable characteristics in me) to the cheapest (traits that are not strong in me) this is how I scored: Dutifullnes, Self-Efficacy, Self-discipline, Achievement striving, Cautiousness, Orderliness. This is actually very miserable but accurate. While I have a strong feeling of responsibility, I tend to become very unorganized, messy, and a procrastinator. I was confident which i have the ability to acquire things completed, yet occasionally lack the motivation for this. I tend to act before I believe, and it can get me within a lot of problems.
Neuroticism refers to the tendency to have negative feelings. Those who score high on Neuroticism may knowledge primarily 1 specific bad feeling such as anxiety, anger, or depression, but are prone to experience a number of these emotions. I scored at the top of Neuroticism, proving the fact that I am easily disappointed, even by what most people consider the normal needs of living. People consider me to become sensitive and emotional. I used to be also graded on subcategories under neuroticism. In order through the highest (most noticeable attributes in me) to the lowest (traits that are not strong in me)here is usually how I have scored: Anger, Immoderation, Vulnerability, Anxiety, Depression, self-consciousness. Unfortunately, this really is moderately appropriate. I do not think it is this extreme, although I i am highly anxious, and have been put on anxiety medications before. I am inclined to be high strung and worry a whole lot. I expect a lot away of people, and myself, and once things no longer go in respect to my own plans, I get angry.
Openness to have describes a dimension of cognitive design that distinguishes imaginative, imaginative people from down-to-earth, typical people. Open up people are intellectually curious, grateful of artwork, and hypersensitive to splendor. They tend to be, compared to closed people, more aware of their particular feelings. They have a tendency to think and act in individualistic and non-conforming techniques. Intellect may perhaps be best regarded as one aspect of openness to see. My credit score on Openness to Experience is high, demonstrating the fact that I enjoy uniqueness, variety, and alter. I i am curious, imaginative, and creative. My advantages in this category starting with the strongest are: Imagination, Emotionality, Artistic interest, Intellect, Adventurousness, Liberalism.
So according to this, I i am loyal, restless, unorganized, ambitious, smart, zany, modest, and altruistic. That sounds regarding right.
The cognitive approach deals with models associated avoid traits, good results . a person’s thought processes, which include memory, belief, and terminology. It refers to how a person processes information concerning the self, and the environment. One of these ideas is Julian Rotter’s Social Learning Theory, and that is the things i am going to become discussing when it comes to myself.
The primary idea in Julian Rotter’s Social Learning Theory is the fact personality represents an discussion of the individual along with his or her environment. One cannot speak of a persona, internal for the individual, which is independent of the environment. Neither is one to focus on tendencies as being an automatic response to an objective set of environmental stimuli. Rather, to understand behavior, 1 must consider both the person (i. e., his or her your life history of learning and experiences) and the environment (i. at the., those stimuli that the person is aware of and responding to) into account. Rotter describes character as a fairly stable group of potentials pertaining to responding to situations in a particular way. Rotter sees individuality, and therefore habit, as always unpredictable, uncertain, changing. Change the way the person feels, or replace the environment anyone is addressing, and habit will change.
Rotter has 4 main pieces to his social learning theory model predicting habit. These are behavior potential, expectancy, reinforcement benefit, and the internal situation. Patterns potential is definitely the likelihood of performing a particular tendencies in a particular situation. Basically, what is the probability which the person will certainly exhibit a certain behavior in a situation? In any given situation, you will discover multiple behaviours one can engage in. For each likely behavior, there is also a behavior potential. The individual can exhibit no matter which behavior has got the highest potential. For instance, I am pregnant, so in a situation where your favorite ice cream is being provided, there is a large probability which i will take in the ice cream.
Expectancy may be the subjective possibility that a given behavior is going to lead to a certain outcome, or reinforcer. Just how likely is it that the behavior will lead to the outcome? Having “high or perhaps “strong expectancies means the individual is self-confident the behavior will result in the outcome. Having low expectancies means the individual believes it is unlikely that his or her tendencies will result in support. If the outcomes are evenly desirable, we will engage in the behavior which has the greatest probability of paying off (i. e., gets the highest expectancy). Expectancies are formed based on past experience. The more normally a behavior has led to reinforcement in past times, the better the person’s expectancy that the habit will achieve that outcome right now. So , assuming that in the previous condition, I required the ice cream, I anticipate that if perhaps my actions are repeated, I will gain wait. I have discovered through previous experiences that eating oily foods makes me put on weight.
Reinforcement is yet another name pertaining to the outcomes of our behavior. Support value refers to the desirability of these outcomes. Things you want to happen, that we are attracted to, have a high reinforcement value. Things we all don’t desire to happen, we wish to steer clear of, have a minimal reinforcement worth. If the likelihood of achieving encouragement is the same, we will exhibit the behavior with the very best reinforcement value (i. electronic., the one directed toward the outcome we prefer most). So , I’ve determined that my desire for ice cream has a higher reinforcement benefit to me at this point, than does being skinny.
Although the emotional situation does not figure into Rotter’s method for predicting behavior, Rotter believes it is always important to remember that different people understand the same condition differently. Again, it is householder’s subjective presentation of the environment, rather than an objective array of stimuli, that is important to all of them and that decides how they react. This declares that I can easily interpret a scenario completely different by someone else thus then our expectancies would transform.
In the most basic of terms, the mindset approach requests the question, why? Why do we perform like we carry out? We have to consider what our motives are to get doing points. The theory I will use for this is Freud’s Drive theory.
Sigmund Freud proposed which the human psyche could be divided into three reliant parts, the id, the ego and the superego. The first of these kinds of “consisted of amoral, reasonless, driving predatory instincts for intimate gratification, violence, and basic physical and sensual enjoyment. The superego constituted the external moral imperatives and expectations enforced on the individuality by it is society and culture. The ego was standing as the mediator between the impulses in the id as well as the asceticism in the superego. The ego allowed the individuality to cope with the inner and external demands of its existence.
In my life, the Id will be represented in many ways. I are now 6 monthspregnant, therefore obviously my Id produced a need pertaining to sexual pleasure. I am inclined to be incredibly aggressive and crave immediate gratification. They are the unconscious desires of my Identity, according to Freud. However , the Identification is not really the strongest, in my life, between the id, ego, and superego.
Then you have the Superego, which is an icon for the moral subset of our reasoning, and contains the ideals and thoughts that people strive for, and just how we anticipate to be punished for not appointment those ideals. For instance, my personal Superego prevents me via taking cash from the petty cash field at work. I can probably simply take it, but I realize that it is wrong and understand that I will be reprimanded if I do so. This a part of my mind desires me to follow the regulations, and adhere to the integrity that control me. This lets me know the dimensions of the nature and order of things, and tells me to respect that. That is why I actually am a great, law-obeying resident, because my Superego can be described as strong force in managing my behavior.
The third portion is the Ego. The Ego tries to take what the Identification wants, and make this happen, while still keeping accordance while using Superego. It puts my own desires, needs, and thoughts into actuality for me. My own ego handles me in certain ways, and allows me to communicate my Identity, without offending my Superego. For instance, Identity desires love-making, yet my personal Superego really wants to be moral, therefor my own ego regulates that it is ok for me to have sex, but not with my friends partner. Or certainly not at church. Or my personal Id needs that I become aggressive and physical, so my spirit lets me be extreme, but lets my Superego tell me which i can’t be therefore aggressive that harm or offend another individual.
I have today explained three major methods to personality, and described a theory of each, and how they will relate to me personally. Out of all the analysis I did, I discovered that the FFM was the the majority of accurate in describing who I i am.
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