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Steve the baptist essay

Jesus Christ did not get there on this globe unannounced, neither did This individual begin His ministry with no proper intro. His initial cousin, Steve the Baptist, was divinely chosen to make the way pertaining to the Lord if he was to begin His ministerial journey for the earth at age thirty, which around the time when John the Baptist baptized Jesus. Though one would expect the devoted who trust to follow Christ both literally and spiritually to the ends of the the planet, he did only one of the.

In choosing to continue his own ministry near the The nike jordan River, David the Baptist elected a unique lifestyle of worship and servanthood exclusive from the 14 disciples’ quality of accompanying Jesus Christ on the physical quest of mobileministry. The student will probably be conducting study on David the Baptist, highlighting his positive features as well as remembering his to some extent unusual kinds of obedience and worship. Through displaying info collected via predetermined options (including the Old and Fresh Testaments), someone will probably be able to possibly discover a new perspective of John the Baptist’s way of life, or remain faithful to his/her presupposed opinion of the Baptist’s extremely devout assujettissement to Our god.

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Basic Biographical Details

John the Baptist’s personal history includes a surprising value that would considerably affect his ministry; this kind of significance may be easily forgotten without attributing the proper awareness of the matter. His lineage and traditionalistic gift of money play an important role in fulfilling the prophecy of being the Messiah’s forerunner. Levite Lineage

David the Baptist was a Levite by family tree due to his father, Zechariah, being a Levitical priest. The Levite lineage began while using twelve people of Jacob; Levi, among the twelve daughters, began the line. Levites were raised to see and interpret the Law of God, and their responsibilities were passed down from father to child via genealogy. Levi initially experienced three sons, Gershon, Merari, and Kohath; the latter was the branch of the tribe from which the priests arose. Wenham writes, “The Kohathite priests handle one of the most holy items of the tabernacle… but the non-priestly Kohathites are not even to look at them, however they expire.  Amounts 3: forty one states, “And you [Moses] shall take the Levites to get me”I am the LORD.  The Levites belonged to The almighty and had a revered job which was much more important than fighting; consequently , they were not supplied in the census of Moses with the different tribes”they were responsible for the tabernacle.

Wenham writes, “The Levites’ task was to assure God’s ongoing presence with Israel. They will dismantled, carried, and reman the tabernacle… they also safeguarded it from intruders.  Any layperson entering the tabernacle could lead to God’s work wrath being released, causing the death of not only normally the one Israelite, but many. For this reason, Levites were instructed to kill any person seeking to trespass. The parents of Ruben the Baptist, Zechariah and Elizabeth, had been both descendants of the tribe of Levi; to simplify, Johnthe Baptist was a Levite by genealogy. Life as a Priest

Ruben the Baptist was a Levite, but having been also offered the specific responsibility of priesthood. Even though he would not fulfill every one of his priestly duties, David was preordained for this occupation through classic lineage. Priests had particular responsibilities away from the customary requirements with the Levites; they were in charge of guarding the interior in the temple by any burglars trying to enter in. All priests came from the line of Aaron; this attracts the complicated concept that every priests are Levites, although not all Levites are priests. Exodus 35: 30 claims, “You shall anoint Aaron and his sons, and consecrate them, that they can may serve me since priests.  It is realized that solely anointing a Levite with oil is actually declares him as a clergyman. This is the same oil which is used on holy elements of the tabernacle, therefore declaring dozens of anointed will be holy and place apart pertaining to God. Deuteronomy 18 shows that priests also received the o privilege of eating a part of the meals offerings.

The priests’ singular responsibility was going to represent the mercy that God has for his people. Steve the Baptist was not a conventional priest, because he had a bigger calling of preparing how for the Messiah. There are, however , characteristics that demonstrated his priesthood throughout his life. In the same way a priest was the symbol of The lord’s mercy, John’s message of repenting to be able to attain solution demonstrated that Goodness had compassion for His sinful persons. Another factor that symbolizes the priesthood of David the Baptist was his unique diet”priests, too, utilized a divergent style of consuming meals to their reverential lifestyle. The two parties only partook in specific types of food and drink. Luke one particular: 15 proclaims that Ruben must not beverage wine or perhaps strong drink so he may be filled with the Ay Spirit. John’s avoidance of wine turned out he was thought to be a Nazarene, though celibacy from wine and strong drink was obviously a command to get the Levitical high priests. In viewing John’s passionate disposition and unwavering behavior, it is understandable that Jesus would have this kind of man, a priest, because His personal precursor. Life being a Prophet

John the Baptist was a Levite and clergyman by lineage, but a prophet simply by divine appointment. Jesus proclaimed John being a prophet, nevertheless also in addition to that. Park publishes articles, “It has not been altogether strange, in earlier periods of Jewish record, for prophets to be picked from among the list of priests.  Prophets through the entirety with the Word had been known as divinely chosen orators for His chosen persons. The prophets foresaw potential destruction as a result of Israel’s ostensibly relentless guilty lifestyle. A quintessential facet of prophet’s functions was the surprise of plea. Prophets had been the spokesmen of Our god; Ortlund states them as “prophetic guardians, like sentries on a city wall, [who] prayed and watched for the completion of The lord’s promises.  In this same manner, John the Baptist was praying and preparing the folks for the approaching of the Messiah. Prophets could also help the people to see the directions in life on which they need to embark. Because they perceived the incorrect actions of God’s selected people, they might instruct Israel on proper actions that ought to be taken, leading them to a better and more obedient relationship with the Lord.

John the Baptist was assumed to be an incognito Elijah, the came back prophet. Hugenberger asserts, “It is likely that future prophet is recognized with Elijah not mainly because Elijah was spared coming from death… but because the long term messenger would have a prophetic ministry a lot like that of the historical Elijah.  Although he refuted this intended incarnation, this individual exhibited features of this evident man. John 1: twenty-one reads, “And they asked him, ‘What then? Are you Elijah? ‘ He stated, ‘I was not. ‘ ‘Are you the Prophet? ‘ And this individual answered, ‘No. ‘ In Malachi 5: 4-6, it absolutely was prophesied that God could send Elijah the forecaster to encourage the people to modify their ways so He’d not unleash His difficulty on them. Therefore , it is understood why the individuals would associate John the Baptist with Elijah”both guys were exceedingly devout to God and fulfilled comparable ministries. Hugenberger concludes his argument: “… it is possible either that he [John] was denying that he was Elijah in person, or that he rejected… misguided popular elaborations of this promise based on different notable features in the original Elijah’s ministry.  Way of life

John’s way of life is directly influenced by who he’s as a telepathist and a priest. His unique techniques display his humble frame of mind towards his divine goal, as well as match the prophecy of Isaiah 45: 3: “A voice cries ‘In the wilderness make the way of our creator; make direct in the wilderness ahighway for our Goodness. ‘ It can be understood there is hidden that means and purpose behind John the Baptist’s unique living situation. His restricted diet plan, distinct regards to water, and nomadic educating methods most encompass the real nature of John the Baptist. Surviving in the Backwoods

The backwoods seems like a great unlikely choice of environment for one who is most likely going for these kinds of greatness as John the Baptist. His clothing made from camel’s hair and his desert-like diet evoked images of prophecies about Elijah. John’s garments had been common to nomadic desert dwellers and thus were associated with lesser people. This may not be to say that John the Baptist was a poor person; rather, he chose to adopt poverty and live beyond the towns in response to a personal conviction of demonstrating to the people that every one genuinely needs is definitely God. One of a kind Diet

Students have many diverse interpretations of John the Baptist’s exclusive diet. Kelhoffer claims, “The early Christian believers were fascinated with the diet of John the Baptist.  It was certainly not the type of food that was eaten, but the reason behind it which was questioned. Poor people and others living in the wilderness partook in locusts and sweetie, so the fact that this top quality of John’s is stressed should incline one to delve into its relevance: “Since locusts could amount to both a goody at regal banquets and a common foodstuff for the poor masses, this cannot be believed to show John like a poor wilderness-dweller or an ascetic.  There are multiple theories pertaining to why John would eat like this. Since John could have easily went for items, this diet is assumed to have been his deliberate choice out of devotion to the Lord. This individual also would have had past experiences with all the Essene community and was thus influenced by their design of eating. It is also observed that what he ate would not require fostering or breeding”it could become naturally present in the untamed. Though they are all likely hypotheses, one of the most likely reason could be it “expressed humiliation before Our god and symbolized repentance to get sin.  Although the supreme reason will never be fully known, the latter theory would overlap with the very humble nature of John the Baptist. Distinctive Relation to Drinking water

Throughout his ministry, there is much conjecture on the relationbetween John the Baptist and water. A probable thought is that he lived in the wildness near the Jordan River; therefore , this individual used this kind of location to assist his ministry by baptizing and speaking near the normal water. Wilkins confirms, “‘Baptize’ means ‘to dive, dip, immerse, ‘ and John was immersing persons in the The nike jordan River.  Another conceivable reason for this relation is that, “John [could] have spent some of his youth like a candidate intended for membership in or as a part of the Essene community of Qumran.  This hypothesis is supported by the fact that both “John and the people of the Qumran community were ascetics, separatists from mainstream Judaism.  Just as John the Baptist baptized people in drinking water as a mark of repentir and refinement, the Qumran community used “water [as] the principal way of purification. 

Water can be pure, clean, and at any time flowing; “John also gives a feel that continuing to move forward may require significant change in our component,  through his sort of spiritually flourishing in the wilderness. Wilkins writes, “When individuals were baptized simply by him, sinking the water represented both the cleansing away of sin and a transferring safely throughout the waters of judgment and death.  Since the breakthrough discovery of the Useless Sea Scrolls, John’s baptisms are more frequently associated as being “a progress the ritual washings in the Essene Community.  Hutchison ratifies, “The mention of water, fire, and spirit also offers a remarkable parallel in the Essene Manual of Discipline…. Below one finds ‘water, ‘ ‘holy spirit, ‘ ‘Spirit of real truth, ‘ and ‘refining’ since elements of God’s activity when he purges this community.  John’s relationship to water was definitely a key characteristic in his ministry, though actually he understood that his “water baptism [would] become superseded by the baptism linked to the Coming One,  the Messiah, intended for whom having been divinely designated to prepare just how. Preparing how

With the Messiah’s coming thus close at hand and John’s apocalyptic mindset, the Baptist was obviously a zealous forerunner for our creator; his communication of repentir directly demonstrates the Coming 1. Through living as an example and preparing and training disciples, John was able to effectively prepare the householder’s hearts for Jesus Christ’s arrival. John’s Teachings

Steve the Baptist was a bold and highly effective speaker; this individual preached with conviction and passion, and he had an almost great determination for fulfillinghis mission as the forerunner for the Ruler. His message was made clear: “Repent, to get the kingdom of Heaven reaches hand.  There are several factors encompassed inside the term “repent.  Although usual presumption of the term implies turning away from your sins, Croteau asserts, “The only sort of repentance that is required for endless salvation can be described as change of mind about Christ.  Another meaning of repentance is found in Crossley’s statement, “In the Semitic mentality of Jesus the Jew, it [repentance] implied not a reaction as the metanoia of the Greek Gospels would suggest, yet a complete reversal of direction away from sin.  This kind of foundation intended for the term is definitely “conveyed by verb shuv and the noun teshuvah.  A distinct model is found in Johnson’s clarification: “John’s command to repent was obviously a request for The lord’s earthly people to turn from their sins and toward one coming after him who was mightier than this individual. 

Since Christ was coming to match the Law since the ultimate sacrifice, John the Baptist preached to everybody, including the Pharisees and substantial priests, regarding the importance of any faith-based solution. Wilkins produces, “John calls for the people to get rid of the road blocks from their lives that might hinder their reception of the Messiah and his kingdom.  It would be blasphemous to claim that the Child of The almighty would need a forerunner. Yet , Allison testifies, “We might underestimate the extent of Jesus’ debts to His predecessor.  Due to his nature and physical qualities, John the Baptist was presumed to be Elijah incarnate by laypersons. These people believed he was Elijah due to the prophecies of Isaiah and Malachi. Wilkins creates, “Before John’s birth, having been designated since the one who would minister in the ‘spirit and power of Elijah’… thereby satisfying Malachi’s prediction.  The folks were foretold about Elijah; therefore , they will assumed John the Baptist, this keen prophet, was “Elijah, who also never passed away… [and] was expected to returning in the end occasions… to ‘restore all things. ‘ Though he had many similarities to Elijah, John the Baptist also related with Christ in many items. Similarities between John and Jesus

The ministries of John the Baptist and Jesus have a vast variety of similarities. One of those similarities is usually both of their particular arrivals and purposes were prophesied about. In Isaiah 53, Jesus is evidently anddistinctively defined being crucified for the sins on the planet, just as Ruben was described in Isaiah 40: a few as a voice that meows from the wilds and works on a way for the coming with the Lord. An additional similarity exhibited is the opposition they the two encountered from your Pharisees and Sadduccees. California king writes, “Matthean account reveals him [John the Baptist] in conflict with all the Pharisees and Sadduccees… these will also oppose Jesus.  Another factor was the preaching message of both Christ and Ruben the Baptist. They trained the people to achieve salvation through faith instead of assuming that they inherited that through Abrahamic heritage. Allison writes, inches… he [John the Baptist] denied the hope, kept by a few, that those given birth to of Abraham could because of this alone hope to pass the final judgment.  Jesus talks about pursuing the kingdom of Goodness with the mindset of a child. The audience will assume Jesus’ profound statement meant trying to have humbleness and having faith in in Him as a child will a daddy.

However , Allison interprets this as this kind of: “when this individual urged individuals to become children, he was… informing them to commence their faith based lives over, telling these to go back to the start.  Both equally Jesus and John emphasized starting from scuff rather than depending on an believed patriarchal birthright. John contains a distinct regards to water since already discussed, but so does Christ. Since all their message required repentance, they will seemingly spent the majority of their particular time close to water due the inevitable baptisms that will take place. Taylor and Adinolfi call attention to the presence of water in the book of Mark; Jesus surrounds Him self by normal water, such as the Sea of Galilee. He as well portrays water as a sign of Him self, or psychic “living water,  that eternally quenches one’s desire. Taylor and Adinolfi also mention that David the Baptist has an association to drinking water, illustrating how he baptized people in, lived close to, and educated around drinking water.

They write, “Healthy people that were repentant would still have needed drinking water baptism.  Jesus and John had a great number of things in accordance with each other, including minor factors that coerced some people to even believe they were one out of the same. Bermejo-Rubio writes, “Both were charming men leading reform motions. Both had been teachers who also gathered a grouping of disciples around them, and the two taught out-of-doors.  Also Herod dreaded that Christ was John the Baptist raised in the dead: “Herod the Tetrarch heard about the fame of Jesus, and he thought to his servants, ‘This is Johnthe Baptist. He has become raised from the dead; for this reason , these remarkable powers are at work in him. ‘ Although these two persons had very much in common with one another, both a new specific unique ministry given to him for his time around the earth. Ministry

Though Ruben the Baptist’s ministry was short lived, he accomplished very much for the dominion. He had the honor of baptizing the One having been preparing just how for, and he led a plethora of people into becoming followers of Christ. Discipleship

Though Steve the Baptist was not an element of Jesus’ picked twelve disciples, he afflicted and led many disciples of his own. This individual trained many to attain his same apocalyptic mindset, and so they may continue his mission following he had transferred. John’s Disciples

Though often overlooked, David had disciples even before Jesus did. These types of disciples implemented John’s theories and helped him baptize a number of changes. These zealous followers were very dedicated to their educator, and in obedience with Kelhoffer, “John’s disciples practiced as well as,  as i have said in Matthew 9: 13: “Then the disciples of John came to him, expressing, ‘Why do we and the Pharisees fast, but your disciples do not fast? ‘ It is possible this kind of portrays their particular primary devotedness to Steve the Baptist. King affirms this if he writes, “There were disciples of the Baptist who put their devotedness to him rather than Jesus.  John the Baptist’s teachings had been apocalyptic and his disciples’ beliefs were simply no different. Burnett writes, “John’s disciples may well have seen themselves as the ‘true Israel’ of the last days. 

One could assume that this characterization of end times gave them the inclination and desire to convert people by a much swifter pace. Though John the Baptist baptized Jesus, Ruben did not know for sure in the event he assumed that Jesus was the coming Messiah that he had been preaching about. Bermejo-Rubio strongly claims that John, “did affirm Jesus’ ministry and even recognized Jesus as his superior, but he would not acknowledge him as the Messiah.  King elucidates, “… [John] sen[t] his disciples to clarify Jesus’ identity.  Matthew three or more: 11-12 clarifies that Steve the Baptist thought Jesus would have a winnowing presentation fork that might clear out almost all who cameagainst Him whilst baptizing His believers in fire. Seeing that John the Baptist taught his disciples about the truly great things the Messiah was going carry out, they were also confused when they saw this man, who was much different than they had imagined. However , whether they believed in Jesus Christ specifically since the Messiah, John’s disciples fervently labored for the Lord’s work and each taught repentance to the people, “continu[ing] [John’s] objective after his execution.  John”The Previous Prophet

Jesus saw Ruben the Baptist as one of the very best people created of a female, as described in Matt 11: 10. John the Baptist is likewise assumed to be the last prophet; this is not as they was the last prophetic person to ever walk the earth”it is really because he was the final prophet to foretell the coming of the Christ before the function actually took place. Wilkins signifies, “John the Baptist was your last of your long great OT prophets that looked forward to the coming of Christ.  There was an extended line of prophets that had prophesied about the coming of Jesus; since John the Baptist acquired the advantage of seeing the prediction fulfilled, he is called the very last prophet. John 1: 21 is a distinct verse in which John the Baptist refuses being Jesus, Elijah or the Prophet. Holly writes, “John disowns him self to be the Christ, who was now expected and waited for. He came in the heart and power of [Elijah], but having been not anybody of [Elijah].  This concurs with that Ruben the Baptist’s only objective was to generate way for the King. Objective

Appropriately called, John the Baptist engrossed, or baptized, those who repented and decided to purify themselves of their sins. Through keen selection, having been also given the advantage to baptize the sinless One which he proclaimed. Jesus’ Baptism

John the Baptist was your one chosen by Our god to tell people about the approaching of Christ. He also received the privilege of baptizing Him. This honor was started when Jesus came to David to receive baptism. Even though Ruben the Baptist was baptizing people as a symbolism for the repentir of desprovisto, Jesus had not been and has never been a sinner. King further explains simply by writing, inch[the] baptism of Jesus is primarily a revelatory event: [the Gospel of] Ruben does not connect the baptismal practice of John (the Baptist) with theremission of sins…  At the thought of Jesus attempting to be baptized by him, John instantly tells Jesus in Matt 3: 16, “… ‘I need to be baptized by you, and you arrive to me? ‘ One may be inclined to make inquiries why Christ was possibly baptized. Baptism was perhaps seen as a rite of passage to enter a great elect group. Nir expounds, “baptism served as a rite of initiation into the sect”an act modifying the person’s position from normal Jew to member of a great elect group”and that Ruben thus founded a sect for which baptism was a condition of initiation.  An additional aspect could be to match Jesus’ righteousness.

Wilkins creates, “Jesus’ baptism inaugurates his ministry and fulfills God’s saving activity prophesied over the OT, culminating with his loss of life on the mix.  Using this method, Jesus’ righteousness was totally proclaimed and prophecies were being fulfilled. Wilkins continues this kind of thought by simply asserting, “Jesus identifies with all the sinful people he arrived at save through his substitutionary life and death.  John’s objective was as well revered by simply Jesus Christ, and going to him for baptism could have been that attributed merit to John’s job. Bermejo-Rubio creates, “Throughout his ministry, Christ continued to look upon John’s baptism”and therefore John’s whole mission”as divinely influenced.  One last thought is the fact in a direct reflection of Isaiah 43: 2-3, this particular is a prompt that The almighty is with his chosen persons. As God’s people go through the waters, God reminds them He’s with these people and will hardly ever forsake all of them. When Christ was baptized, the Heavens physically opened up and The almighty reaffirmed this was His son with whom Having been pleased. Zee asserts produces, “Baptism always carries with it that element of deliverance from the turmoil and break down of desprovisto, a vitality through normal water with all its dangers and possibilities.  Just as that element signifies so much inside the life of Jesus, baptism means considerably more for the follower of Jesus. Believer’s Baptism

Believer’s baptism could be best understood to be, “witness[ing] towards the inextricable union of normal water and Heart in the redemptive plan, signaling the reality of recent life.  This baptism was not only a psychic symbol, nevertheless a strong advice for all those who may have repented. There was process when ever one received salvation; the first step was repenting from the sins that have been committed, and the second was to be baptized. Draw 16: 18 declares, “Whoever believes which is baptized will be saved, but whoever does notbelieve will be condemned.  This guaranteed that one was no longer understood to be Jew, Bon, sinner, or unclean, although that one was obviously a follower of Jesus. Nir emphasizes, “Baptism will bring regarding ritual filter of the body only if the soul was already purified simply by righteousness; that may be, only if baptism has been preceded by repentir on the part of the candidate.  John the Baptist guarantees the people when the Messiah comes, He will baptize them with a holy fire.

Again, Wilkins clarifies, “John’s water baptism will be replaced by the baptism associated with the Arriving One. Individuals who repent and trust in him will receive the blessings from the Holy Soul.  You could interpret this as understanding John’s water baptism as being an important mark, but the essential aspect of solution is receiving the gift from the Holy Spirit by fire. Jesus told all who also are preserved to be baptized into the body of Christ as a whole. Baugh writes, “‘One baptism’ right here, however , may refer to the baptism of believers as one body… which can be the result of the regenerating job of the Holy Spirit.  This signifies that the who trust is not only improved and restored, but that he/she is actually a part of Christ Christ’s along with the metaphorical body of Christ. Martyrdom

Though the Baptist’s life seems to be cut brief and the celebration of his death a bit discounted, he accomplished his divinely hired purpose in the years he had. He was jailed and martyred as a result of his boldness in the message of repentance due to others’ neglectfulness, pride, and lack of certainty. John’s Imprisonment and Delivery

The final part in John the Baptists’ life has a bitter finishing. He was imprisoned for ambiguous reasons, nevertheless one theory entails that his baptisms in the Test, a frequently visited place, was rallying too much interest and political excitement. Roberts mentions, “John’s baptism passed a retaking of the area. Although we all generally overlook the political ramifications of John’s ministry, they were doing not move unnoticed by Roman occupiers, and this may possibly explain, in part, why having been imprisoned and beheaded.  John the Baptist was later martyred for speaking up against something that did not match with the Fact. King writes, “He provides offended Herodias, and more specifically, criticized her marriage to Herod when ever she experienced previously been married to his brother Philip.  Because of this, John took a stand againstthe king and new full as advised in Matt 14: 5: “because Steve had been telling him, ‘It is not really lawful that you should have her, ‘ even though he [Herod] wanted to set him to death, this individual feared the people, because they will held him [John] as a prophet.  This martyrdom is actually known as something that should never have been allowed to happen.

California king writes, “There is an irony below: Herod… is portrayed since an object of ridicule by the way in which the two women change him. Strictly they should not be involved in the political dominion.  Matt 14: doze explains the rest of the story explaining how upon King Herodias’ birthday, he became drunk with wine and his child danced intended for him. Away of drunken perversion, this individual agreed to do anything that his daughter asked for out of approval in the dance. Getting naïve and unsure what you should ask for, the lady questioned her mother, Herodias, about the request. Herodias seized the chance for vindicte and told her daughter to ask for Ruben the Baptist’s head on a plate. With one dropped swoop, this kind of woman ended the Baptist’s life out of jealous revenge. Full states, “In his [Matthew’s] account, the death of the Baptist can be not forwent by the Mission of the 14, but by rejection of Jesus at Nazareth.  Matthew relates both Jesus’ and John’s rejection to utilization because examples of the death that every followers must be willing to encounter”martyrdom. Conclusion

It can be clear that John the Baptist did not comply with the conventional customs of that time period period’s Intertestamental Jews. He referred to his own ethical compass when deciphering the depth of devotion having been to accept. Though having been technically not just a disciple regarding being one of the a dozen, John the Baptist promoted and prepared the way for Christ throughout his life in his own method, glorifying Goodness even to the very moment of his execution.


Allison, Dale C. “The Continuity Between John and Jesus,  Log for the Study of the Historic Jesus you, no . 1 (January 2003): 6-54. Seen September twenty-two, 2014. http://web.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=4eb7b183-74d5-4ad4-bc33-cf28ff936e19%40sessionmgr112&vid=25&hid=118. Barker, Paul. “Deuteronomy.  In Dennis, 325-83. Baugh, S. M. “Ephesians. 

In Dennis, 2257-74. Bermejo-Rubio, Fernando. “Why is John the Baptist Applied as a Foil for Jesus? Leaps of Faith and Oblique Anti-Judaism in Contemporary Scholarship grant,  Record for study regarding the Historical Jesus 14, no . a couple of (2013): 171-96. Accessed September 22, 2014. http://web.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=4eb7b183-74d5-4ad4-bc33-cf28ff936e19%40sessionmgr112&vid=34&hid=118. Burnett, Clint. “Eschatological Prophet of Restoration: Luke’s Theological Symbol of Steve the Baptist in Lomaz 3: 1-6,  Neotestamentica 47, no . 1 (2013): 1-24. Accessed September twenty two, 2014. http://web.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=4eb7b183-74d5-4ad4-bc33-cf28ff936e19%40sessionmgr112&vid=37&hid=118. Crossley, Adam G. “The Semitic Background to Repentir in the Instructing of David the Baptist and Christ,  Diary for study regarding the Famous Jesus a couple of, no . two (June 2004): 138-157. Seen September twenty-two, 2014. http://web.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/ehost/detail/detail?vid=21&sid=4eb7b183-74d5-4ad4-bc33-cf28ff936e19%40sessionmgr112&hid=118&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl#db=a9h&AN=13319000. Croteau, David A. “Repentance Found? The idea of Repentance inside the Fourth Gospel,  Masters Seminary Log 24, no . 1 (Spring 2013): 97-123. Accessed Sept 23, 2014. http://web.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/ehost/detail/detail?vid=19&sid=4eb7b183-74d5-4ad4-bc33-cf28ff936e19%40sessionmgr112&hid=118&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl#db=rfh&AN=ATLA0001954106. Dennis, Lane To., ed. The ESV Study Bible, The english language Standard Type. Wheaton, ELLE: Crossway Bibles, 2008. Stalinsky, David G., “The Main issue According to Luke (Luke 3: 1-6) (Advent 2),  Expository Times 118, no . two (November 2006): 81-82. Utilized August twenty nine, 2014. http://web.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=f1353942-81bd-456a-a38e-307319ba5c83%40sessionmgr110&vid=26&hid=127. Harris, Kenneth Laing. “Exodus.  In Dennis, 139-209. Henry, Matt. “John 1: 21″Parallel Commentaries.  Holy book Hub. Previous modified in 2014. Utilized October 1, 2014. http://biblehub.com/john/1-21.htm. Hugenberger, Gordon P. “Malachi.  In Dennis, 1771-80. Hutchison, Ruben C. “Was John the Baptist a great Essene coming from Qumran?  Bibliotheca Sacra 159, number 634 (April-June 2002): 187-200. Accessed September 22, 2014.

http://web.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=4eb7b183-74d5-4ad4-bc33-cf28ff936e19%40sessionmgr112&vid=9&hid=118.icle/bsac034-133-10#GBSAC34A101. Johnson, T. Lewis, Jr. “The Concept of Ruben the Baptist,  Bibliotheca Sacra 113, no . 449 (January 1956): 30-36. Reached September 3, 2014. http://web.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=a1b13abe-96f4-4fc7-b3f4-96406d652e01%40sessionmgr114&vid=1&hid=118. Kelhoffer, James A., “‘Locusts and Wild Honey’ (MK 1 . 6C and MT. 3. 4C): The Status Quaestionis With regards to the Diet of John the Baptist,  Currents in Biblical Research 2, number 1 (October 2003): 104-27. Accessed Aug 29, 2014. http://web.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/ehost/detail/detail?sid=f1353942-81bd-456a-a38e-307319ba5c83%40sessionmgr110&vid=27&hid=127&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl#db=a9h&AN=11022144. King, Fergus J. “‘De Baptista nil nisi bonum’ Steve the Baptist as a Paradigm for Mission,  Objective Studies: Journal of the Foreign Association intended for Mission Research 26, no . 2 (2009): 173-91. Accessed September 3, 2014. http://web.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=4eb7b183-74d5-4ad4-bc33-cf28ff936e19%40sessionmgr112&vid=28&hid=118. Köstenberger, Andreas J. “John.  In Dennis, 2015-72.

Nir, Rivka. “Josephus’ Consideration of John the Baptist: A Christian Interpolation?  Journal to get the Study of the Historical Jesus 10, number 1 (2012): 32-62. Utilized September twenty two, 2014. http://web.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=4eb7b183-74d5-4ad4-bc33-cf28ff936e19%40sessionmgr112&vid=40&hid=118. Ortlund, Raymond C. Junior. “Isaiah.  In Dennis, 1233-1362. Park, Calvin Electronic., “John the Baptist,  Bibliotheca Sacra 34, number 133 (January 1877): 173-82. Accessed September 29, 2014. http://www.galaxie.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/art. Roberts, Raymond 3rd there’s r. “Matthew three or more: 1-12,  Interpretation fifty nine, no . four (October 2005): 396-8. Accessed September twenty-two, 2014. http://web.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=4eb7b183-74d5-4ad4-bc33-cf28ff936e19%40sessionmgr112&vid=14&hid=118. Taylor, Mary E. and Federico Adinolfi. “John the Baptist and Jesus the Baptist: A Narrative Critical Approach,  Journal for the Study of the

Historical Jesus 12, no . a few (2012): 247-84. Accessed Sept. 2010 23, 2014. http://web.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=4eb7b183-74d5-4ad4-bc33-cf28ff936e19%40sessionmgr112&vid=31&hid=118. Wenham, Gordon J. “Numbers.  In Dennis, 257-323.

Wilkins, Michael M. “Matthew.  In Dennis, 1815-88.

Zee, Leonard Vander. Christ, Baptism as well as the Lord’s An evening meal: Recovering the Sacraments to get Evangelical Worship (Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2004), cited in Adam C. Chouse, John Paul Robertson, Jennifer E. Copeland, Daphne Burt, and Virginia S. Wendel, “Baptism of Jesus,  Homily Services 43, number 1 (January 2010): 93-103. Accessed Oct 1, 2014. http://content.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/ContentServer.asp?T=P&P=AN&K=44813029&S=R&D=rlh&EbscoContent=dGJyMMTo50SeprE4zdnyOLCmr0yep7ZSs6q4SbeWxWXS&ContentCustomer=dGJyMOrf4H3w6vdT69fnhrnb5ofx6gAA.


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