In the past people have mistaken about their tradition Indigenous originality or occurring naturally (country, region etc) To be indigenous kinship (relation to one another) and location(connection of particular place) Indigenous religion beliefs, experience and practices concerning non-falsifiable realities of people who have kinship and location Syncretism: Syncretism merging of elements from different religions.
Eg : north American tradition have been influenced by Christianity, some African rituals are influences by Islam. * Change occurs everywhere. * Traditions are less authentic (accurate) than thousands year ago Indigenous can be found anywhere: * Anishinaubae: drumming ceremony in Toronto * Yoruba: Funeral rites in London * Maori: Purification ritual in opera house Sydney Australia Misconceptions * Common to Indigenous traditions is colonialism * Oglala (Indigenous community) >a theorist explained them because warriors devoid of weapons quite simply they were is not capable to adapting a new economic climate lifestyle they will focused on learning to make them modern Indians 5. Outsider absence insider know-how. * Scholars often used terms such as fetish, myth, mana, taboo to clarify Indigenous traditions. * Eg Native stories these are known as myth in which the bible is regarded as true. Simple Cultures that are unchanged right from the start primitive Christians, who supported god and the tradition, got superiority and began to pass on their religious beliefs to who also didn’t know about gospel Indigenous traditions are tend to believe more old fashioned As a result of nonliterate * But composing to not greater than oral speaking * Mayan did use writing * Most Indigenous people are incredibly literate.
Indigenous tradition are tend to think more ancient consider everything to always be sacred (untrue) * For example: Navajo: wedding ceremony that converts normal residence into a frightened place. Thus everything just like eating, sleeping is considered to be holy. * Australian aborigine understands where to pray(know the difference between sacred and non sacred mountains) Primitive term is actually disagreeing by many people scoloars Mohawk and Cree (Dr Clare Brant) Mohawk: Indigenous traditions who give more meals to their visitor to show their very own wealth. Cree: Indigenous traditions who eat every one of the food offered to show scarcity. These two customs did not work good together and this shows that Indigenous traditions differ from each other.
Another point is that we come across other nationalities according to the own ethnicities. Gender tasks: * Man: hunting and warfare * Female: curing and preparing food * Maori carvers had been men and weavers were women. Bunu men frow cotton and females turn it in to clothes. 2. Sometimes the roles move just like other traditions 2. Usually beliefs practices will vary for men and woman as well. Power of conversation Oral speaking is very imp for Indigenous traditions everything is passed down oraly.
Many people think dental primitive (untrue). Both Quran and Bible was passed down orally just before written into text Testimonies: After life: * Kewa: a man discovers a tunnel where his dead persons wre living together and they gave these people many things and asks him not to discuss about it it. When he goes and tell everyone about the tunnel, he breaks the promise then when he results the tunnel is gone. * Anishinaubae: young man fiance perished, and he go on a voyage to find her and when this individual found her, he earnings home heartbroken, keeping his promise.
2. These reports tell us about importance of relationships tell us about how precisely we should live than about dying Composing stores typically fixed in time. Trickster: * Viewed as culture heroes because they are the central statistics in many stores * Usually shape change usually into animals 2. Can change sexes sometime natural and at some point just outfits changing * Outer form is mirrored into infidelity * They will appear while fools, self-centered, kind, scandalous etc . 2. Usually driven by home interest by itself * Trickster stores reveal how we ought to behave and how we should not really * The stories frequently explain the origins of world and connect to a community more deeply. 5. Embodies the extremes of humanity: human being weakness and strength Practice (rituals).
Native tradition traditions are very a lot like our customs * Rituals remind us on what is imp in our life. * In religious conditions, rituals, communicate some ways with gods, ancestor and spirits. 5. Rituals will be roots inside the human needs and relationship Rituals: 5. Every traditions varies 2. Usually consists of food Muslim and Jews have particular food eating routine * Various Buddhist arranged food portions aside intended for ancestors 2. Anishinaubae put small amount of foodstuff for the spirits * Some rituals are more difficult * Including marriage, loss of life, birth 2. Sometimes these rituals tag transformation and sometimes they assistance to bring the modification about.
5. Indigenous custom rituals provide in some ways to recreate some aspects of the world, order and life Trip: * Undertaking the interview process journey/quest: rituals of passing * Voyage to a fresh place is usually where a change occurs. 5. The person earnings home with physical transform, such as skin icon, scar or maybe a body portion to symbolize their very own new do it yourself. * Pondos: moved into a special hut for being sacred healers- if they go into area before they need to be protected in white colored * Light usually stand for the color of transformation in Africa 2. Anishinaubae eyesight quest yong person travels far away from home just with water and be totally alone. Then late this individual become a adult man and comes home with food plus the ritual is complete.
Sacrifice Mel Gibson: sacrifices in Indigenous customs are vey common Keep sacrifice: raise a young cub, and increase it for two day and kill this. Head is definitely emptied and filled with flowers and then the pet is grilled and eaten. They think the fact that bear may be the gold’s heart and they notice it as clearing the heart. Sun dance: dance right up until days and community present support. Several sun party involves sacrifice. the pole and lodge are buil to show the creation of the world Nuer: sacrifice ox intended for healing.
Xhosa: when a woman fall ill the city gathers and kill a cow and do many rituals. This is credited their thinking that the ancestor or nature is irritated with the women. * above rituals shows the involvement of community even though there is sacrifice engaged. * The rituals ultimately brings persons together 5. Sacrifice just like rituals produce order and meaning * Those traditions join people to the past and respond to current situation Cultural Expression Whatever you see is usually not always what you get Fine art in Native traditions is usually aout romantic relationship objects are coonected to the people Weaving: * Intertwine and connect 5. Weavers interact, helping one another, passing expertise. * Reveals bonds when it comes to Maori Custom: * Every weavers happen to be female * A girl is said all about weaving cloth more said more disheartened if persons saw authentic commitment then they let the woman into whare pora(caretakers of the weaving) 5. Whare pora have guidelines no sexual before perishing, no foodstuff allowed during weaving, particular garment should be weaved in daytime and not strangets can view the weaving * Traditional colors: black, red and white * Almost holy thread is sewed upon all clothes to show the bond Fundamental cloth: 2. Clothing state who were and how we fit into social fabric 2. Has two side: can hide very much as it discloses and help all of us create a public face * Lady gaga: this individual masks and clothes hide part of her but as well reveals her identity that she wishes to show 5. Special clothing is associated with imp rituals * Bunu: thinks that the particular clothes are sort of womb, covering the body as like a baby is being born.
Clothing simply wears that die old cloth is usually replaces by new, as old state of mind is reborn Spirit bag: * Oldest arts 2. In pomello community males makes the weighty basket for hunting and fishing 2. Women had been responsible for religious baskets. 2. Mable mckey: was a traditional healer in pomo community and famous basket weaver in the world.
Face masks: * Face masks are used in imp rituals wedding, funerals, hunting party etc 5. Masks happen to be ment to ring heart into the community lesser deities (gods) 2. Mask stand for certain animals does not mean that they worship the dog * Environmental protection agency mask in Yoruba community extremely heavy show the strength require to dance with the mask and enter the adult hood with responsibility. * Carvers are usualy male Representation poles: 2. Very specific to each areas * Function of representation poles likewise varies in each tradition. * That means varies function as a supporting structure or grave producers and other like a symbol for power 5. Most also tell stories such as famous, achievements and religious * Grizzly keep at the foundation holding a human represents self-preservation or endurance. Moko 5. Maori designs are less probably be displayed outside the original physical context 5. Moko tattoo designs * At the start the women were only allowed tattoos around their lip area and chin where males can have tattoos throughout their encounter * Moko story remind the Maori people their particular ancestor and importance of meeting ones accountability and treating one another with respect Ancestoral House.
2. Marae Maori religious and social house. Site of wedding, burial, celebration. 2. Authority is usually held by community parents where they use the space to pass n customs, stories and arts, carving, weaving.
2. If the specialist when incorrect painting the place, they could be put to death. 2. Location is very imp it ought to be located in an area where the previous generation accomplished the faith based and interpersonal activities. * Whare Whakairo physical kind which presents the body of the ancestor 2. The building is divided into areas of the body of the antecedent, ascendant, ascendent, Three factors and Shrine: * A lot of traditions are incredibly plain, harder for an outsider to see 2. Three concerns: * The majority of rituals will be performed outside the house * Think bout the function of religious structures that are used in the rituals * Everything you see is definitely not often the things you get 2. Mbari shrine: represents the founder in the community, an excellent healer and was required to flee because they were attacked by one more community.
Parent stands her to shields the shrine all the time. 2. The shield signify the change modern day development Hogans * Navajo Hogan classic living space and also the site for many rituals. 2. It is the internet site for daily activities and some happen to be religious and several are not 5. Before fresh Hogan is usually occupied a song is performed. * Generally known as Blessing approach ceremony 4 divining earth, mountain woman, water female, corn girl also the song talks everyday items * In respect to all of them world can be structure Hogan All these things signifies: * Website link btw previous and present * Btw community make * Btw our world and world of mood Colonialism 2. Colonialism procedure where persons from one place maintain money in another and also to the effects of people that were previously there.
2. Changes contain subjugation or removal, new laws and regulations, social procedures and fresh economy. * Power and profit happen to be factors that drive colonialism. * Religion is also one of the reason Colombus: * This individual destroyed a community Arawaks 2. He desired to tell him in which the gold was people who provided him precious metal were kept alive and people who didn’t were killed(by reducing hands) 5. Then this individual realized that one of the most valuable are definitely the people, so he dispatched them to Europe by boat area. Genocides: * 20 , 000, 000 African were taken as slave and only 10 million went back * 96% od aboriginals were deceased in Australia 5. factors of depopulation: military action, torture, starvation, committing suicide and captivity. * Even more aboriginals happen to be killed when the Americans need more land Masters of continent: 5. As settler population growed the native population reduced less friendly for property * Terra nullius not any ones land was the phrase that Western settlers applied no owner ship simple they cannot count because people Conversion: * Various converted to several religion due to colonialism 5. In Philippines indigenous traditions is certainly not recognized by place so all are counted as muslim Lack of religion: 5. Europeans attempted to convert these people into chistianity rarely proved helpful * Europeans used military strengeth and religion our people is usually tronger since our our god is more powerful 5. Missionaries. * Also at times the imperialiste government produced the local religion illegal * For example: potlatch and sundance was performed illegal?
Die to the felf damage and economical hardship is usually potlatch(poverty) 2. Colonialism cause patriarchy The potlatch: * Feast which might be hosted by a family and hosting family shows the guests with gifts 5. Demonstrate hospitality and redistributing wealth. Loss of language: * Colonialism dialect disappeared permanently * 20 languages extinct * when communities passed away, the ‘languages’ died with them * children’s had been forbidden of talking their own ‘languages’ Stolen generation Loss of Terrain: * Many religious and indigenous area were taken and was destroyed 2. Two conditions that non-indigenous people had: * Very common perception, no certain belief and are mostly regarding practice 2. Religion including Christians can easily pray everywhere but native people had to pray by a specific site Identity: (the sympols of indeginous people in sports) * Cleveland Indians play at The atlanta area braves: it’s a reminder of ongoing colonialism that has been extracted from the native people. * Indigenous oriented names: eskimo pie to sell the products evoke a old fashioned stereotype that is certainly best suited to get the product.