Measure the claim that Person-centred Therapy provides the therapist everything that he/she will need to treat customers.
In this essay I am going to check out whether person-centred therapy supplies the therapist most they will need to treat a customer. I i am firstly likely to focus on the of person-centred therapy, then simply look at the attributes and important elements of person-centred therapy. When I have performed this I actually shall look at criticisms of person-centred therapy from other freelance writers and then embark on to form a personal evaluation as to if it is successful or not.
In neuro-scientific counselling and psychotherapy there are many different theories which tend to be used to help inside the treatment of the consumer, one of these becoming person-centred therapy (PCT). There are numerous thoughts on PCT on whether it be affective or not and a lot of people believe it is a mistaken therapy. Numerous others though believe that it is an effective treatment and is a favorite treatment pertaining to today.
The of PERCENTAGE
Dr Carl Roger’s (1902 ” 1987) was an important American psychologist, who was delivered in Illinois, Chicago. Having been the owner of person-centred therapy (PCT), also known as Rogerian psychotherapy among other things. Rogers’ interest in the niche came about because of working being a psychotherapist for some of his life’. (Chrysalis handout ” 2012) He developed this type of therapy inside the 1940s and 1950s and was highly influenced simply by an Austrian psychoanalyst named Otto Rank (1884-1939). Rogers invited List over to do a couple of lectures and from then on was influenced simply by his post-Freudian models of fresh and relational therapy. This kind of strongly affected Rogers’ state of mind and helped to progress PCT.
First of all Rogers produced a non-directive therapy which in turn put concentrate on the patient’s thoughts and feelings and meant the therapist was not to direct theclient by any means. He then changed the term to person-centred therapy and he realised that the specialist would usually guide the customer even inside the most subtle way plus the client could look to the therapist for a few sort of advice. PCT was a ‘therapy centered on creating a reflecting space for individuals to actualize their potential’ (www.wikibooks.org)
Carl Rogers believed that all individuals are fundamentally great. He likewise believed that individuals have an actualizing tendency, or maybe a wish to fulfil their potential and become the best people they can be. Rogers might encourage your customer to be aware of their own feelings with no direction from the therapist. The therapist’s work would be to positively listen, always be nondirective, and stay non-judgemental, authentic and non-interpretative (which Let me speak about a bit later on).
Another person whom believed in self-actualisation was Abraham Maslow (1908-1970). He just like Carl Rogers used a humanistic approach in remedy, and designed a ‘Hierarchy of Needs’ (see picture below). He, like Rogers ‘suggested that a person is continually motivated to fulfill these requires and, at any one moment in time, his behaviour will be directed to satisfying a need’. (Chrysalis handout ” 2012).
The humanistic way went against other hypotheses such as behavioural, psychoanalytical, Intellectual and Integrative.
Maslow, as Rogers’s theory, was based around reaching self-actualization. Maslow ‘saw this as a pyramid of requirements with the requirements at each level having to be met prior to next level can be contacted meaningfully’. (Pete Sanders, 1994: 22) At the end of the pyramid are the basis requires, such as foodstuff, water and shelter. As soon as the person has this they can then progress to the second stage of the hierarchy, reliability needs, such as freedom via threat, reliability. The next level to increase to is definitely love/social requires, which is a sense of belonging, affection and relationships. The next stage is respect, recognition, esteem. He thought once all these had been come to you progress to the final stage of self-actualization, which can be the fulfilment of personal potential.
As always there are several differences between Maslow’s and Rogers’s theories but the important ideas had been in arrangement.
Rogers described six conditions for beneficial change prior to client could move for the changes that they wanted within their lives.
The first is therapist-client psychological get in touch with. This basically means that the must be a relationship involving the client plus the therapist, the place that the person’s watch of the other is important. The next primary condition pertaining to therapeutic change is client vulnerability. The client must be stressed or vulnerable, for your customer and specialist to stay in the relationship. The third main condition can be Therapist Justesse or Genuineness. The specialist must be genuine within the relationship. The fourth state is Specialist Unconditional Confident Regard (UPR). The specialist accepts the client for what they are and are non-judgemental. The sixth core condition is Specialist Empathetic Understanding.
The specialist must be empathic towards the customer rather than sympathetic. ‘Accurate accord on the part of the therapist helps the client imagine the therapist’s unconditional take pleasure in for them’ (www.wikipedia.org) The final core state is Client Perception. The consumer must see they are receiving empathy, unconditional positive consider and credibility from the specialist. The most important factors of any therapy, Rogers’s believed, were the therapist’s attitude towards the client. The therapist must show justesse, unconditional positive regard and empathy at all times. Without these getting the main focus in the therapist the therapy was less likely to be a success.
The therapist must show congruence throughout the remedy. This means that they have to be honest using their client throughout and be authentic towards the customer. The therapist needs to be in touch with their own feelings and emotions.
UPR once again is extremely important plus the therapist need to totally acknowledge the client they are trying to help. If they feel they can then they should not be working with the client. The therapist must consider the client to beworthy. ‘Seeing someone since worthy does not always mean that you have to accept their behaviour. It simply implies that you see them as a person of the same value’. (Pete Sanders, year 1994: 70)
The therapist need to show accord, so basically see the world from the customer’s point of view. This means trying to understand the thoughts and feelings of their life and basically going into their shoes and boots for the session. The therapist must never mixture their own thoughts with the customers. The therapist and customer may experienced similar experiences but they can feel differently about these. No one is ever going to experience the exact same feelings; everyone will knowledge things in another way.
If the therapist shows all the above to the client, the consumer will feel even more at ease and comfy and be able to express their inner feelings, something which they may include struggled to complete if the therapist did not do the above. ‘The therapist are able to examine any kind of inconsistencies as well as the appropriate emotions can be investigated. Good emotions are motivated, thereby conditioning the inner-self, negative feelings can then be looked at in a nonthreatening manner plus more objectively’. (Chrysalis handout ” 2012) when a client undergoes this process after that their self-actualisation will develop and help them to associated with changes they need in their lives.
As well as the main conditions above, he suggested a comprehensive character theory. Rogers believed that every human persona had two components, one being self-concept and the other being primary self, also referred to as the organismic self (self-actualization tendency). Rogers’s theory in the concept of home, related to the individuals watch or image of themselves, depending on life experience. For example if the child’s initial experience is actually a negative 1 it is most likely that in adulthood they will include a poor do it yourself concept. Self-concept ‘is fault the human personality that is acquired through experiences, particularly experience where other people judge all of us and give all of us approval in certain conditions’. (Frankland & Sanders, 1995: 81)
The organismic do it yourself is there from birth and aims to fully developed and obtain self-actualization. Self-concept is attained in early years as a child and it is formed by important people over the childhood. ‘Those raised inan environment of unconditional confident regard find fully actualize themselves. All those raised within an environment of conditional confident regard feel worthy only if they meet conditions (what Rogers identifies as circumstances of worth) that have been set down for them by others’. (www.wikipedia.org)
Conditional positive consider is also called conditions of worth. Since a child we all need positive, loving attention from the important people in our lives. If a child is well behaved the parent will probably show more love to the child plus more positive focus, than in the event the child is wild and unruly. An example of this is the fact we learn that a current condition of the positive love from a parent is to not bite them. If they bite the parent, the parent will tell them away and not be pleased with them. The kid learns to obtain positive regard, not biting is one of the conditions that needs to be fulfilled.
The above model shows that conditions of worth are not often a bad factor but if over-used or applied inappropriately then the problem commences. For example the child only gets positive regard if they will get straight A’s within an exam, or if that they listen to the ‘right’ music they will remain in friends. Father and mother may not appreciate they give a lot more love and attention when their child fails and are miserable when they are effective. These can all be detrimental to the child and will replace the way that they perceive the world.
The child can adopt these kinds of conditions his or her own beliefs thus preventing the organismic values that comprise who they really are. This will likely then lead them to live a different life to who they are really. This may suggest they live a life that doesn’t gratify there demands. This is when PCT comes in to assist the client, mainly because it tries to expose the patient’s true thoughts and not those that have been discovered and begin to understand what they totally desire and want. The specialist is there to try and remove these conditions of worth and provide only UPR.
There are many different theories in existence as well as the humanistic approach. The first I will point out is Psychoanalytical therapy, which in turn looks at how a unconscious brain influences the thoughts and feelings and often involves taking a look at early childhood experiences in order to discover howthese occasions shape the individual and how that they contribute to the present day. This type of therapy is also known as ‘talk therapy’ since it is where the therapist will spend time listening to your customer talk about presently there lives. This method can be traced back to Sigmund Freud (1856 ” 1939) who was the founder of computer. There are some portions of this which may be seen in the humanistic strategy and Rogers did develop some of his ideas from this.
The next way is behavioural, which highlights the important of thinking in how we feel and what we do and our character is derived totally through learning. This approach feels ‘whatever has been learned can be unlearned and modified through application of learning principles. To founders with this type of remedy were M B Watson (1878 ” 1958) and B Farrenheit Skinner (1904 ” 1990).
The next way is intellectual therapy which has been developed by Aaron T Beck (1921). Another individual who labored on similar ideas from another type of perspective was Albert Ellis (1913 ” 2007). Ellis believed that behaviour was determined by our belief system, even if they are irrational. ‘Irrational belief devices are leaned, as are emotions reactions to them. New rational philosophy must be learned in place of reasonless ones’. (Sanders, 1994: 27)
The last procedure I am going to mention is integrative, which is quite simply taking the most reliable parts of most approaches and putting them together. This is founded by simply Gerard Egan.
The pros and cons of PCT
Just like everything it will have pro’s and cons with this type of remedy. I will discuss the pros first.
No other form of therapy will provide as good an environment for unconditional confident regard, sympathy and convenance.
It the actual client think supported and valued no matter what the person hascome to see the therapist for.
It places your customer at the heart of any process of change and has the patient’s best interests
A very good relationship is built between the customer and the specialist.
The client can be free to talk about whatever they need to.
The negatives of PCT are as follows;
It can be difficult for the therapist to adopt a genuine humanistic approach and provide the core conditions. ‘unconditional positive view may require much discipline and inner job to be able to practice fully, as all of us have opinions and values which can be impossible to suppress or ignore’. (chrysalis handout ” 2012)
This can be a therapy restricted to listening and reflecting. Therapists rarely find out, make analysis, provide model or guide and no alternatives are provided, which might not become suited to almost all clients.
This focuses absolutely on nurture and won’t consider mother nature (genetic influences) at all.
This ignores the unconscious mind. Clients may well have suppressed feelings that have been buried deep into the subconscious mind and this type of therapy may not be capable to bring these kinds of to the surface.
The client may possibly go off over a tangent using their presenting issue due to path from the therapist.
The therapy is usually nondirective so the client could make choices that the therapist will not agree with and they may find it hard to say a thing.
The whole strategy is a good idea and not study based.
After undertaking research in PCT, I find myself there is a place for it in therapy yet should be used alongside other tools instead of being used entirely on its own. This kind of therapy feels the client can understand the factors that are creating them to become unhappy although in reality this is not always the case as clientele may have issues hidden in the subconscious mind. The therapist is usually nondirective so this places every one of the responsibility intended for the way onto the client. This may not be what the client wants. They may require a more savoir approach. Being a person who offers seen a therapist, this sort of therapy did not work for myself.
I was buying more direct approach. It may not be possible for the specialist to usually follow the a few core conditions, unconditional great regard, empathy and convenance. There probably many elements which ceases the therapist from pursuing these. They may have different principles and philosophy than the customer. If a client comes in having a specific concern which you have solid beliefs against you could not follow these types of core conditions.
Each consumer is person and while this type of remedy may work for just one client it may not work for another thus i feel that for the most powerful out of the customer and the remedy sessions is always to have extensive mind and use whatever approach meets best during the time, whether it be 1 specific procedure or clips of the many different styles.
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