Excerpt from Term Paper:
At the inverse of the version earlier defined, he mentioned individualist cultures that gave top priority to personal goals and duties and appreciated a high level of independence (Zhou, 2002).
Additionally, the theorist asserted the cleavage between your two poles impacted ethical decision making and the two two extremes could coexist within the same race, country, region etc . As a great eloquent example, Triandis mentioned USA, a rustic which inspite of its individual fame encourages collaboration and teamwork particularly in the corporate and art community (Husted, 2001).
However , although they enjoy a major part by challenging psychological hypotheses, Individualism – Collectivism theories have their very own limitations that derive via depicting social communities while displayers of stable and common viewpoints. Consequently, little attention is usually paid for the discrepancies between your individuals of the same group and to the most popular points shared across groupings (Cooper, Denner, 1998).
In conclusion with, traditions is the puppeteer that brings the strings of it is puppets – the people’s actions, feelings, and thoughts. Given the numerous role it plays in human contact, its understanding should be seen as a top priority when acting within a multicultural environment especially that culture is usually “more often a source of conflict than of synergy” and generates distinctions that “are a annoyance at best and sometimes a disaster” (Hofstede mentioned on (http://www.geert-hofstede.com).
Cooper, C. L., Denner, T. (1998). Hypotheses linking ethnicities and mindset: Universal and Community – Specific Procedures. On the Internet at www.bridgingworlds.org/pdfs/1processes.pdf
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Hofstede, G., Hofstede, G. J. (2005). Cultures and Organizations. Software of the Brain. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Husted, M. W. (2001). The impact of individualism and collectivism about ethical making decisions. On the Net at: egade. itesm. mx/investigacion/documentos/documentos/4egade_husted. pdf Retrieved October 3, 2007.
McSweeney, B. (2002). Hofstede’s model of national social differences and the consequences: a triumph of faith – an inability of analysis. Human being Relations Record, 55, 89-118.
Said, W. (1979). Orientalism. New York: Retro.
Zhou, Meters. (2002). Continuation, Transition and Challenge
Collectivism in Cina after 1949. On the Net at http://switch.sjsu.edu/nextswitch/switch_engine/front/front.php?artc=59Retrieved October a few, 2007.
Cultural relativism (2007). On the Net at http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Cultural+relativismRetrieved October several, 2007.
Hofstede’s five ethnical dimensions (2003). On the Internet at http://www.geert-hofstede.com/Retrieved October 3, 2007.
Records for the Think Reservoir talk-show Who had been Franz Boas (aired 1/25/2001). On the Net at http://www.pbs.org/thinktank/transcript920.html. Retrieved March 3, 2007.