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Content material analysis of sionil jose essay

Chapter I

The challenge and Its Environment

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A. Introduction

“Open a journalist’s workplace drawer and inside you will find an incomplete novel.  This was what Scanlan (2004) wrote in his essay From Fact to Fiction: Producing the Step. He added that while you will find people inside the journalism industry who practice their experience on media reporting, you can also get those who are likely to other forms of writing namely plays, poetry, and fiction. Based on Scanlan’s definition, Journalism is known as a profession inclined to publishing facts.

Brainworld Publishing (2011) supplements this kind of description as “the job of gathering, writing, editing and enhancing, and publishing or disseminating news, since through newspapers and mags or by television and radio.  On the contrary, Brainworld Publishing details fiction because the action of dramatizing or visualizing an event, scenario, and the like certainly not existing in actual life. Including allegory, fable, novel, romantic endeavors, story, and tale identifies. In relation, a fictionist can be someone who produces fiction, largely novels (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2011).

In the United States exclusively, well-known writers or fictional writers started their profession as journalists.

These superb writers began as “reporters of facts (Fishkin, 1985). In 1835, famous 19th century American author, poet, and literary critic Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849), better known for his mystery and horror-filled private eye stories, experienced previously been an helper editor inside the magazine The southern part of Literary Messenger. He also acquired similar post in Burton’s Guy Magazine in 1839, but left pertaining to Graham’s Magazine. Poe as well wrote intended for the Evening Reflection. He then became an manager and eventually the sole owner in the Broadway Record, according to Bio. A&E Television Sites, (2014). One other prominent figure in literature in the late 1800s, U. S. writer Walt Whitman (1819-1892), was a great essayist, a poet, and a journalist. This individual initially located a job as a newspaper beginner at the age of 10.

In 1841, Whitman founded the regular Long-Islander. He previously been a great editor of Brooklyn Daily Eagle in 1846. He also took charge with the editorial obligation in Crescent then therefore pioneered the Brooklyn Freeman, both in 1848. His practice in print ongoing for the subsequent years until he resorted to and devoted the remainder of his lifetime to realist poetry and primarily politically-influenced works (Bio. A&E Television Systems, 2014). Inside the Philippines, award-winning script writer Ricardo “Ricky Lee, who will be known for his fiction, worked as a reporter for the Philippine Press Freedom in 1970’s. Shelter was also a part of Panunulat para social fear Kaunlaran ng Sambayanan (PAKSA or Coop for the People’s Progress).

His experience as a fugitive during the Martial Law offered as an inspiration for a few of his works (Lumbera, 2011). Yabes (2014) says that 2001 National Specialist for Literary works, Ramon Magsaysay Awardee, and three-time first-prize Don Carlos Palanca Funeral service Awards beneficiary F. Sionil Jose, accustomed to be a grounds journalist while studying Open-handed Arts inside the University of Santo Tomas. He had been the editor-in-chief of UST’s official newsletter, The Varsitarian. Jose, whose novels are widely known for their epic interpretation of the Filipino life during history, can be described as publisher as well, and holds editorial positions for several local and foreign magazines. The researchers question how the background in Writing of selected Filipino fictionists help them transit from publishing facts to writing hype.

B. Affirmation of the Issue

This study will mainly aim to evaluate the journalistic experiences of selected fictionists and its relationship to their composing styles. Specifically, it will focus on to answer the following questions:

1 . How is the demographic account of participants be divided in terms of:

1 ) 1 . era;

1 . 2 . media affiliation or submitting company and

1 ) 3. years in the book sector?

2 . Just how do journalistic experience help the picked local fictionists in their discipline of work?

installment payments on your 1 . What are the elements that influence journalists to also venture on fictional writing?

several. How does these types of journalists’ impression of reality (given that they can report facts) affect the articles of their fiction?

C. Relevance of the Research

The main aim of this research is to change the perception of men and women, especially those going on journalism as just reportage of facts. The researchers believe this will broaden the perspective of individuals in journalism as well as the chances the stated field may offer. Upon completion, the study will be of importance towards the following: Mediapractitioners. The study will offer an option intended for practicing media to likewise venture upon fiction writing since they currently had a qualifications on writing. Publishers. It will provide these people new opportunities to invest on and hire press who can publish fiction as well as the chance to introduce clean writing variations to the market. In return, the publication will have more authors and eventually create more stories. Aspiring fictional works writers.

Due to the fact taking journalism course will improve their writing style while future fiction writers, therefore, they will be able to enrich their writing capacity. Readers. It can help them understand that journalism course does not only focus on reporting news. It will also change their very own common belief on media that the other are only encased in writing fact-based stories. Writing students. It can open various other avenues in writing aside from buying the conventional technical writing. In addition , it will provide them with the idea to venture on other composing jobs and maximize their writing skills.

College of Arts and Letters Teachers. It will provide an idea for the faculty that apart from teaching technical writing to journalism students, they will also advice them to nurture their publishing skills in other ways including fiction publishing. In addition , the professors and instructors could have an idea in order to further increase their students’ writing features. Future research workers. This examine will function as a material for consultation and helpful tips as well to those who will pursue a study linked to this matter.

D. Scope and Delimitation

This examine will cover five or more fictionists. The research workers will interview subjects who had previous background in journalism (i. electronic., campus journalist, columnist, newspaper researcher, and so forth ) but not necessarily graduates from the said training course about the latter’s journalistic experiences and its particular probable impact to their hype. The selection of the fictionists to get interviewed depends on the following criteria:

¢Has been in the writing market, particularly fictional, for 10 years or more; and

¢Is known in his/her chosen discipline.

It will be restricted to Filipino writers who had practiced journalism after that turned into fictionists, excluding foreign fiction writers who havealso worked in neuro-scientific journalism. The methodology of the study will only last by October 2014 to 03 2015.

E. Definition of Terms

The following terms will be described either conceptually or operationally: Book sector ” the enterprise of producing and developing books, especially fiction Literature ” any kind of printed fiction material on paperback, not including e-books Criminal offense Fiction ” also known as private eye stories. A piece of fiction wherein unraveling and diagnosis of the truth about a criminal offenses, usually but is not exclusively murder, plays the central part in the storyline. (Shephard and Rennison, 2006). Sport Record ” or sport fictional. A work of fiction which includes the main characters’ struggle with problems related to athletics. (Routman, 2005)

Chapter II

Review of Related Studies and Materials

This part contains the researchers’ readings for the topic beneath study.

A. Related Ideas

New Historicism

New Historicism Theory offers “several significant ‘historicists’ to examine a literature in social, political, and cultural history context. A nation’s fictional history is usually an expression of “its changing spirit and consists of two approaches: one out of the form of collection of archives and typical monuments of great persons, and ‘historicist’ on the other, which usually “saw literary history within a larger social history (Selden, 2005). The newest Historicists, since Tillyard describes (1943), as a result “establish the interconnections involving the literature and the general traditions of a period.  (Selden, 2005). The researchers uses the theory to assess how famous events the respondents witnessed during their journalism practice impact if their works. The theory may also serve as a basis about how the participants perceive reality through their very own works.

Postcolonial Criticism

Postcolonial criticism delves into the existing relationship between the Western and Third World culture, with the previous repressing these with its ethnocentrism. The primary target of this theory is to trace the domination of American culture, believed, and principles over the marginalized as stated through literary works (Seldan, 1985). Said (1978, as reported in Selden, 1985) asserts the difference made between the Occident plus the Orient through Orientalism which includes three overlapping areas: the 4000-year Europe-Asia relations, creation of Asian language professionals, and stereotyping the Navigate as “the other.  Spivak (1976, as reported in Selden, 1985) handles deconstructive method in criticizing and uncovering “how reality is constructed rather than exposing the error (Selden, 1985, l. 223). The girl further proposes how the Western tradition requires “the other but does not readily be honest. The analysts will use the theory to interpret how the chosen Filipino fictionists with writing background share such clampdown, dominance and communicate reality through their fictional works.

How a Humanities and Journalism Can help you Each Other

Perlmutter and Dowling (2012) make clear that writing is vital in serializing fictional works. They mention the 19th century best selling novel Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin being first printed in a regular as an example. That they assert that “Walt Whitman and Maggie Fuller nurtured their careers as fictionists through writing.  They will even recommended to reporters serializing “novels they always wished for to write regarding.  The same with the prior study, this study is going to focus on fictional works in print, but with several medium. Perlmutter and Dowling concentrate on American best-sellers posted in magazines, whereas the analysis will manage selected Filipino fiction in a book distribution. They assess through observation and cases how journalism helps several notable American writers in producing all their fiction, even though the researchers on this study can conduct an interview to selected Filipino fiction writers having a journalism backdrop, citing just how their journalistic experiences help them write and publish all their works.

A great Intersection of Fact and Fiction: A Study of Naipaul’s ‘The Midsection

Passage’ Pradhan (2014) clarifies the existence of a reciprocal romance between imaginary and truthful writing. The researcher says the experiences of writer Naipaul being comparable to that of Ernest Hemingway, who had been both press turned fictionists before that they ventured in nonfiction. Pradhan uses David Hellmann’s Fable of Information in identifying new journalism and nonfiction novel while contemporary makes in which journalistic materials happen to be presented by means of fiction. The prior study focuses on how ex – journalists converted non-fiction writers benefit from their particular experiences in writing fiction, even though the study to get conducted is going to deal with how a journalistic encounters of chosen Filipino fictionists help them in their career. The 2 studies are similar in discussing the relationship of writing reality and hype, but fluctuate in emphasis.

Reflecting the Detectives: Criminal offense Fiction as well as the New Journalism in Late Nineteen-Century Australia From this study, Rachael Weaver (1892) explains the correlation of crime fictional to criminal offense reportage nationwide in the late nineteenth century making use of the detective novels The Mystery of a Hansom Cab by Fergume Hume and Murder of Madeline Brown by Francis Adams and Australia’s most famous homicide case, the Windsor misfortune in 1892, as examples. Weaver states that many of the newspapers got their own interpretation on the history, making it sensationalized during that time. Those papers released diverse speculations about the killing.

For that occasion, the speculated angles of each and every publication served an motivation for composing investigative tales. “The extreme, international media sensation that surrounded the Windsor killing provides an suitable opportunity for investigating popular print out culture in late-nineteenth-century Australia¦ At least six book-length studies of the watch case were printed in the several weeks before and after Deeming’s execution in-may, some running towards several models, each decorated more extravagantly than the previous. Their confidential authors used a form of sub-literary bricolage that engaged diverse generic designs, mirroring a travel excitement one moment, a penny dreadful the next. However , one of the most frequently used motifs through the entire everyday papier and the book-length ‘histories’ had been drawn ” often with great laziness ” by detective hype. 

Weaver describes the relationship between criminal offenses journalism and detective fictional works as “historical and enduring.  She mentions that reported criminal activity provided materials for copy writers of experience fiction. The girl adds that Edgar Allan Poe’s The Mystery of Marie Roget was based on the reports of the real-life murder of Mary Rogers in Ny. The analysis is similar to the research to be carried out because they will both cite the experiences of writers to their outputs, nevertheless varies from the experiences. The article discusses the bond of reading crime content articles in newspapers of the Aussie writers with their detective tales, while the study will cope with the link between the journalistic qualification of selected Filipino fictionists to their fictional works.

B. Related Studies

From Truth to Hype: Journalism & Imaginative Composing in America Fishkin (1985) found how fact turned into fine art, as well as how journalism paved the way to American literature. The lady assessed the lives and careers of Walt Whitman, Mark Twain, Theodore Dreiser, Ernest Tolstoy, and John Dos Passos, including all their corresponding works in writing and hype. She related the journalistic experiences of those writers and the fiction, plus the factors for gradual change in genre. Fishkin’s examine focused on the American literature, whereas this kind of study is going to deal with the Philippine books, concerning the journalistic experiences of selected Filipino fictionists pertaining to their hype. She reviewed only the biographical accounts of well-known American journalists flipped fictionists, even though the researchers on this study will likely conduct a job interview to Philippine fiction authors with a journalism background, only concentrating on all their lives and careers before shifting to writing fictional works.

Gómez Alfaro: Pioneer of Interdisciplinary Studies on the Human relationships between Writing and Materials in Spain Rodríguez (2010) assessed that writing and literary works had been extended linked with each other, which was down the road merged with each other and coined as fictional journalism. He used Antonio Gómez Alfaro’s work in 1980’s and 1990’s, as an example. Rodriguez emphasized that Alfaro started the concept of fictional journalism byconducting a study regarding the connection among journalism and literature which will Alfaro done in 60.

“This multi-focal approach is extraordinary looking at at the time Writing was not part of the Spanish college or university system; therefore , there was not just a scientific program nor are there academic precedents that supported in-depth, exhaustive research about journalism and literature, a real possibility that made an appearance forty years after the publication in the aforementioned iniciador. 

Rodriguez added that journalism was considered an element of literary genre in 1845. “The operate conducts a historical activity of the nuclear and most regarded speculations regarding the journalistic literary union, from 1845 until 1999, and describes the development of this kind of contributions, to grant an adequate context to the precursory efforts made by Antonio Gómez Alfaro to interdisciplinary studies regarding Journalism and Literature vacation. 

The study already performed is in theory related to the near future study, they are all focusing on the relationship between writing and fictional works. The two research both intricate the differences and similarities of literary and journalism, nevertheless differ in scope. The previous study focused on The spanish language literature, especially Alfaro’s research, while the current study is going to deal with Filipino Literature, specifically the functions of picked Filipino fictionists with journalistic background.

Textual content, Audiences, and Postmodernism: The Novel since Source in Sport Record Johnes (2007) observed the recent demand to use fiction as reference point for sport history. He delved into how postmodernism influenced and was received by historians in suggesting fiction as a “social force in framing how people understands the earth around them. This individual explored deeper into these types of postmodern suggestions by studying Vernon Scannell’s 1953 new The Deal with. This research concentrated on putting such ideas in to actual practice, and applied fiction as sources to get sport record while the analyze to be conducted will apply journalistic encounters in writing fictional. The previous study focused on just how fiction utilized as resource materials for sports background while the current study will certainly concentrate on how a journalistic experiences ofselected Filipino fictionists can be used in their career.

Theoretical Framework

This analyze is theoretically anchored in New Historicism theory which in turn states that there is a connection involving the historical backdrop of the place where the creator originated or perhaps resided by and his fictional works, the former being helpful to understanding the latter. In this analyze, the analysts will check out on the relationship between the journalistic experiences of selected Philippine fictionists and their literary works.

Figure 1 ) 0. Famous Criticism Diagram

Conceptual Framework

Figure 2 . 0. Conceptual Framework from the Study

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