Sean O’Casey’s drama Juno and the Paycock details the slow, painful degradation of the Boyle friends and family in war-torn Ireland inside the early twenties. Juno remains to be strong and calm through the entire course of the play, although she is affected with a drunkard, good-for-nothing partner, an illegitimately pregnant little girl, and a dead son. The past of these—Johnny’s death—elicits perhaps the most psychological response by Juno, and rightfully and so. After learning of her son’s demise, Juno roll-outs into a talk that the lady borrows by another son-less mother—Mrs. Tancred, a relatively slight character identified only in the second act.. These shared words power the reader to consider Juno and Mrs. Tancred in comparison to one another and, when examined closely enough, one understands that, although Mrs. Tancred foils Juno in appearance and emotional make up, she and Juno discuss …
When Mrs. Tancred enters the scene (121), she is referred to as “a extremely old girl, obviously shaken by the loss of life of her son. ” She is certainly defeated by untimely loss of life of her son and in many cases hints at the probability of her personal death, declaring “I will not long afther him” (122). The loss of life of her son features seeped into her incredibly being and has wreaked havoc on her behalf, she is small and weak and has no employ for life any further. Juno, alternatively, is identified as a woman that, “[w]ere instances favourable, she’d probably be a handsome, active, and clever woman” (72). Juno is actually in a state of motion and is probably the only accurate example of your life in the perform. She is by no means short on words and possesses a sort of vigor that one could easily believe impossible in Mrs. Tancred.
Accordingly, Mrs. Tancred is actually a woman of extremes whilst Juno is far more balanced, managed, and peaceful. Mrs. Tancred looks the ability of the grieving mother, one can imagine her hunched over, pale, and cold even needing a shawl via Mrs. Madigan (122). Your woman speaks in extremes, too. When a neighbor, trying to console her, assures Mrs. Tancred that her son will probably be buried “like a full, ” she insists that she will live “like a pauper” (122). Directly next, Mrs. Tancred launches in a speech regarding carrying her son in the cradle along with bringing him to his grave (122). There is no midsection ground, no area of bargain for Mrs. Tancred: her son may well die such as a king, but she lives poor, the only noteworthy encounters of her fallen son’s life are his birth and early death. In a latter presentation she implores the Lord, asking Him to switch their “hearts o’ stone” with “hearts o’ drag, ” to exchange “murdherin’ hate” with “Thine own eternal love” (123). For Mrs. Trancred, everything is black and white colored in a associated with grey.
Juno, on the other hand, is far more balanced and manipulated than Mrs. Tancred appears. When Juno first needs Johnny is in trouble, you is explicitly told that she acts calmly to the news. You will find very few stage directions at this point, it seems that Juno barely movements at all, spending most of her energy consoling Mary and figuring out how to salvage what is left of their lives. Following being told which a man was found by the police and so they think it might be Johnny, Mary throws her arms about her mother, moaning, “Me poor, darlin’ mother! ” (153). Instead of giving into emotion, nevertheless , Juno explains to Mary to “Hush, sound, hush darlin’, you’ll soon have the own throuble to bear” (153). Furthermore, when Martha admits to Juno that she “dhread[s]inch seeing the body of her useless brother, Juno reacts detailed and generously, saying “No, no, you mustn’t come—it wouldn’t do well for you. Going on to me personally sisther’s an’ I’ll deal with th’ ordeal meself. (155). Even within an incredibly difficult moment, Juno still considers what is best for Mary and continues to count on herself intended for strength. The girl even handles to strategy their long term, saying “We’ll go. Arrive Mary, an’ we’ll never come back in this article again… We’ve got a little room in me sisther’s where most of us stop till your throuble is over, an’ then we’ll work together for the sake of the baby” (154). In the middle of tragedy, Juno manages to manage her feelings and, devoid of resorting to extreme conditions, makes rational decisions which will make the best out of the situation.
While Mrs. Tancred and Juno appear like very different character types, they discuss the important similarity of a useless son. Mrs. Tancred the heartfelt talk in Work II about her kid, saying:
Ah, what’s the pains I actually suffered bringing’ him in the world to handle him to his cradle, to the aches and pains I’m sufferin’ now, carryin’ him out o’ the world to bring him to his grave! … O Blessed Virgin, wherever were you when me darlin’ son was full of bullets, when ever me darlin’ son was riddled with bullets! … Sacred Heart from the Crucified Christ, take away our hearts o’ stone…an’ give us hearts o’ flesh! … Take away this murdherin’ hate…an’ give us Thine own timeless love!
Following finding out regarding Johnny’s fatality, Juno, in her misery, remembers Mrs. Tancred:
Could be I don’t feel sorry enough for Mrs. Tancred once her poor son was found as Johnny’s been found now… Ah, so why didn’t I recall that this individual wasn’t a Diehard or a Stater, nevertheless only a bad dead kid! It’s well that I keep in mind all that she said—an’ it can my use say that now…
These distributed words between your two girls force someone to compare Mrs. Tancred with Juno. Mrs. Tancred sets a precedent intended for Juno, a good example for her to follow. Yet only Juno can fully understand the dehumanizing effects of conflict because of her initial reaction to Mrs. Tancred’s son’s death, she confesses that she saw Mrs. Tancred’s kid as a Diehard, not a since man, not just a as child, not a because human. Conflict reduces people to sides, good and bad, right and wrong, for and against. People cease to be persons in wartime, unless a loss is usually suffered. For Juno to grow in her dynamism, she had to feel the sting of mortality throughout the death of Johnny, simply then can she—and the reader—realize that she and Mrs. Tancred are really certainly not that different. Both Mrs. Tacnred and Juno are struggling to make it through this period of war, low income, and squalor, they are merely at distinct points in their struggle—Mrs. Tancred, near the end and Juno, just starting.
O’Casey, Sean. “Juno and the Paycock.. ” Chosen Plays of Sean O’Casey. New York City: St .
Martin’s Press Inc, 1954. 69-157.