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Cancer epidemiology term conventional paper

Lung Malignancy, Cancer, Epidemiology, Breast Cancer

Research from Term Paper:

HuGE Tumor Epidemiology

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Big Study

Masson, L. Sharpened, S. C. Cotton and J. Very little. Cytochrome P-450 1A1 Gene Polymorphisms and Risk of Breast Cancer: A HuGE Review. Am. L. Epidemiol. (15 May 2005) 161 (10): 901-915.

Category of HuGE Details

The types of data available from the article:

Prevalence of gene variant

Gene-disease association

Gene-environment interaction

Gene-gene interaction

Cytochrome P-450 (CYP) 1A1 performs a key part in phase I metabolism of polycyclic perfumed hydrocarbons and estrogen metabolic rate. It is expressed predominantly in extrahepatic tissues, including the breast. Four CYP1A1 gene polymorphisms (3801T-C, Ile462Val, 3205T-C, and Thr461Asp) have been studied pertaining to breast cancer. The 3801C variant is more common than the Val variant. The two variants occur more frequently in Asians as compared to White populations. The 3205T-C polymorphism has become observed in African-Americans only. Very little data can be obtained on the geographic/ethnic distribution in the Thr461Asp polymorphism. The efficient significance in the polymorphisms can be unclear. In 17 studies, no steady association among breast cancer and CYP1A1 genotype was identified. Meta-analysis located no significant risk for the genotypes 1) 3801C/C (relative risk (RR) = 0. 97, 95% confidence period (CI): zero. 52, 1 ) 80) or perhaps 3801T/C (RR = zero. 91, 95% CI: zero. 70, 1 . 19) vs 3801T/T, 2) Val/Val (RR = 1 . 04, 95% CI: zero. 63, 1 . 74) or Ile/Val (RR = 0. 92, 95% CI: zero. 76, 1 ) 10) vs . Ile/Ile, or perhaps 3) Asp/Asp (RR sama dengan 0. ninety five, 95% CI: 0. twenty, 4. 49) or Thr/Asp (RR sama dengan 1 . doze, 95% CI: 0. 87, 1 . 43) versus Thr/Thr. Future studies should check out possible communications between CYP1A1 and options for polycyclic perfumed hydrocarbons, markers of female exposure, additional lifestyle elements influencing de las hormonas levels, and also other genes involved with polycyclic perfumed hydrocarbon metabolic rate or hormonal biosynthesis.

Gene:

Gene Identity, Chromosome location, and gene product/function:

Cytochrome P-450 (CYP) 1A1 can be described as key chemical in phase I bioactivation of xenobiotics. This contributes to aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activity, catalyzing the first step in the metabolism of any number of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), such as the tobacco carcinogen benzo[a]pyrene, to their ultimate DNA-binding forms. It is additionally involved in female metabolism, catalyzing the hydroxylation of 18? -estradiol on the C-2 situation.

The CYP1A1 gene, located at 15q22-q24, comprises seven exons and six introns and ranges 5, 810 base pairs. In individuals, CYP1A1 is usually under the regulatory control of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor, a transcription element that regulates gene manifestation.

CYP1A1 phrase occurs mainly in extrahepatic tissue. CYP1A1 messenger RNA has been diagnosed in regular and cancerous breast tissue and is induced in human-breast-derived cellular lines.

Alleles: CYP1 family:

CYP1A1; CYP1A2; CYP1B1; CYP2 family: CYP2A6; CYP2A13; CYP2B6; CYP2C8; CYP2C9; CYP2C19; CYP2D6; CYP2E1; CYP2F1; CYP2J2; CYP2R1; CYP2S1; CYP2W1

CYP3 friends and family:

CYP3A4; CYP3A5; CYP3A7; CYP3A43

CYP4 friends and family:

CYP4A11; CYP4A22; CYP4B1; CYP4F2

CYP>some families:

CYP5A1

CYP8A1

CYP19A1

CYP21A2

CYP26A1

OMIM #: 108330

Environmental Factors:

1 . PAHs (polyaromatic hydrocarbons)

2 . Tobacco smoke cigars

3. Estrogen

4. Fried foods

your five. Alcohol

6. PCBs (polychlorinated biphenols)

Health Outcomes:

1 . Incidence of breast cancer risk in association with C-P450 mutations

2 . Determine versions of C-P450 polymorphisms in specific ethnic populations

a few. Determine gene-gene and gene-environment interactions to get CP450 alleles and cancer of the breast.

Study style

This is a descriptive, cross-sectional study.

Evaluation of environmental factors:

Environmental factor: Cigarette smoking

Exposure evaluation and classification: genotype-smoking connections light cigarette smokers (

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