1 . Aside from the commercial and religious goals of The country of spain in colonizing the Israel, give two other reasons (political and legal) why Spain claimed the country as its control or the real estate of the Full of The country of spain. * In addition they claim the nation because of their Heart of Breakthrough to our country, improvements of their technologies (for travel and trading purposes) and purchase of our territories. 2 . What is meant simply by “crown nest? Are you able to give one of a present “crown colony?
* A crown colony also called a royal nest was a suggest that was under political control by Britain and that was ruled and governed with a Governor who was simply appointed by monarch throughout the secretary of state for colonies.
Cayman Island can be one example of present “crown colony. 3. Why was the governor-general powerful? Offer his powers. * Because the governor-general him self has a widely range of personal powers. He was also the King’s official representative in the colony. He possessed vast executive, legal, and judicial powers.
This individual issued purchases with the push of rules, which were called superior decrees. On the other hand, decrees or purchases coming from the California king of Italy were named Royal decrees or requests. 4. Establish or clarify the following: a. Cumplase elizabeth. Capitan w. Audiencia f. Principalia c. Superior Rule g, Jefatura de Barangay d. Indulto de Confianza h. Consistorial * A. Right of the governor to suspend the operation of your Royal rule or purchase relative in the Philippines in the event that in his judgment, the sads order or decree may not be beneficial to the operations of the region. * B.
Highest the courtroom insofar since civil and criminal circumstances were concerned; established in the Philippines in 1583 to administer justice for the aggrieved persons in the nest. * C. Orders that issued by governor-general with all the force of law. 2. D. Proper given to the alcalde-mayor to engage him in trade that made him rich and powerful; proper given to him to collect a part of the homage to increase his income. * E. Head of the city or municipality, composed of a number of barrios; also referred to as gobernadorcillo and/or capitan comunitario * Farreneheit. Own areas cultivated by their various that retainers, even though traditional land privileges had been restricted to usufruct.
These kinds of heirs of pre-Spanish the aristocracy were known as the principalia and played a significant role in the friar-dominated local government. * G. Head of every barrio or perhaps barangay of the town who also did not receive any income. * H. Equivalent of today’s metropolis hall; consisted of two alcaldes, twelve regidores (councilors), a chief of police, a town secretary, and few other lower officials. 5. How do the Spanish king make an effort to lessen, if perhaps not completely prevent, the abuses of Spanish officials? How powerful were things taken by the king to halt these violations?
* The King and ministers of Spain presented two organizations in their colonies, including Korea. These were the Residencia and the Visita. Both of these institutions were introduced to quit the violations of high The spanish language officials in the colonies. It truly is effective because the two establishments performs inspections to substantial Spanish representatives. 6. What is their opinion around the effects of required labor around the Filipino laborers? Explain your answer. * Of course , I might say that pressured labor on the Filipino employees was this kind of a great depressive disorder and drowning down from the dignity from the Filipino employees themselves.
They worked hard, but then it wasn’t enough to survive or to avoid and flee using this nightmare. Although because of compelled labor as well, the Filipino laborers gain more knowledge about things linked to different types of labors that all of a sudden gave these people many tips. 7. Term and define some of the income taxes imposed for the Filipinos by Spanish govt. Discuss with the classmate whether these were required or not really. * The Filipinos were compelled to pay homage called Tributación to the colonial government. The Tributo was imposed like a sign of the Filipinos’ commitment to the King of Italy.
Those who paid out were persons between 18 to 62 yrs. old. In 1884, Tribute was nullified and replaced by the Cedula. It was a qualification identifying the taxpayer. The Donativo de Zamboanga, which was introduced in 1635, was obviously a tax particularly used for the conquest of Jolo. Next is the Diezmos Prediales that was a tax consisting of one-tenth of the produce of one’s land. Last may be the Vinta, a tax accumulated to fund vintas to guard the coastal parts of Luzon to defend the area against Muslim buccaneers. 8. The thing that was the effect in the galleon trade on the Israel?
Why made it happen decline their prosperous begin? * The Philippines (specifically, Manila) started to be a leading business center of trading in the region. Because later on, there are so many accusations about the process of trading goods that came by Manila. Limitations consisted of P250, 000 worth of goods to get sent to South america and P500, 000 well worth of goods being sent via Mexico to Manila. Later, amounts had been raised to P300, 500 up to P500, 000. being unfaithful. How do the Monetary Society help to improve the economy of the Philippines?
* Because of the right division of the Society, that is capable to perform their own duties. And even the widely division of Philippine products and transferring of many merchandise to other countries that results to improvement of the economy of the Israel. 10. For what reason were monopolies established through the Spanish period? What were the bad associated with the established monopolies? What were their very own advantages? * Because only happy persons, including high-ranking representatives of the condition, the Cathedral, and the crew of the galleons, were in order to engage in transact.
So that, the achievements of the trade were privileged only to those privileged folks as part of the monopoly, even though the Philippine laborers are definitely the actually designers and performed hard for anyone products. Then again, the advantages were still to the people privileged persons because like what I’ve said, the success of the transact was just honored unto them, and sadly never to those Filipino workers who have actually worked well hard because of it. Chapter 6 1 . So why were the Filipinos frustrated with Spanish rule? 5. Because many Filipinos do some revolts and/or conspiracy theory about our freedom through the Spanish regulation.
2 . Generally speaking, what were the causes of these early revolts? Which cause, in the opinion, is considered the most serious and why? 2. To clear of Spanish secret. Maybe due to killing Filipinos brutally and forcing these to work for Spanish leaders. several. Was Lakan Dula validated in his mutiny? Explain the answer. 5. No . Because he laid straight down his forearms just because Legazpi’s grandson assured to exempt him wonderful descendants in the payment of tribute and compelled labor. And so he ordered his men to return to their particular homes in peace, as well as the governor pardoned him and gave him gifts of silk and gold.
4. Would you consider Tondo’s storyline a conspiracy theory? Why or perhaps why not? * Yes. Since it shows secret combination of guys for a goal and a mixture of two or more folks to dedicate any act punishable by law. 5. What factors will you give to clarify the family member success of Dagohoy’s rise ? mutiny which survived for eighty-five years? * Because Dagohoy set up his own “government in the mountains, with some 20, 000 supporters obeying his orders and practicing their particular faith. 6. Why do you consider the Moros were able to resist Spanish colonization and Christianization?
* Since the Spanish power lacked the phone number and army capacity to break through the Bruno Kuta (defense forts), Mindanao is faraway from Manila, the center of electricity and governance, the Spaniards were more preoccupied in numerous fronts with wars or perhaps resistances by the Portuguese, the Dutch, as well as the various pays of Luzon and the Visayas, and Islam provided the Spaniards a great identifiable adversary called “Moros 7. What vital lessons or observations have you learned from this chapter or matter? * Love our own country and be devoted and guard the freedom of yourself and your country. Chapter 7.
1 ) Explain the way the Spaniards affected the Filipino way of life since identifiably that of a The spanish language subject. 5. They influenced every part in the Filipino’s lifestyle. They transformed some of Philippine names, intermarriage, social your life, amusement, changes in clothing, the Mestiza outfit, the Antillean houses, the position of women, faith, geographical identification, Spanish dialect, printing and engraving, and education. Every influence as well gives impact to Filipino people. installment payments on your Describe the social your life of the Filipinos during the Spanish period. Connect this for the daily duties of the persons at that time.
5. The sociable life in a Christian community during the Spanish times revolved around the cathedral because the friar-curate was the all-powerful person in all of community. To ensure that, the daily tasks in the people are to travel at the Cathedral and work at the chapel activities, and in many cases to the friar-curate. 3. How did Spanish-Filipino intermarriages affect the physical appearance with their children? Can you identify all of them in your community? How may you identify all of them? * Might be, the skin color of their children is usually whiter compared to the common skin of the Filipinos, their your-eyes colored darkish and even all their hairs will be blonde.
And can discover them because of these physical looks. 4. Why were Philippine names converted to Spanish? What advantage, in the event any, do the Filipinos get from adding surnames to their first titles? * Mainly because before the coming of the Spaniards, Filipinos got no surnames. And also, for that reason, confusion arose so they will decided to transform their brands. They became more complete, and because adding surnames on to their names, they did not confuse of their names any longer. 5. How did the styles in dressing lead to social categories and focus on racial differences in those moments?
* Just those Philippine women who committed to Europeans have a right to wear mestiza dresses. As well as the mestiza dresses came to be donned by any woman who also could afford to buy the fabric for this kind of dress. To ensure that, if you can’t find the money for to buy this or should you be not a partner of Western european, your dress will not be as beautiful as mestiza dresses. 6. Assess the position in the Filipino woman before and after the coming of the Spaniards. At which period do you think did women consume a higher status? Give your factors. * Prior to the Spaniards arrived, women are treated equally to men. But when Spaniards came, the women existed while dependents of men.
And they are generally lived to raise their children. And i believe, women enjoyed a higher position in life prior to Spaniards arrived because they are remedied equally to men and they have their individual independence. several. What are the benefits of having one religion? Will you be in favor of having only one religious beliefs for the Filipinos? How come? * Having one religious beliefs keeps the relationship of the social more effective as well as the unity (ex. prayers) will almost always be there. Certainly. For us to be more united and our relationship as Catholics become a single. 8. Precisely what is meant by simply “geographical oneness? How does it differ from political oneness?
How do these concepts connect with the idea of a nation? 5. Geographical Oneness for the was created by conquest and colonization from the Philippines by the Spaniards. Whilst Political oneness is a see organized physique of people under a single authorities. They are related because they are both composed simply by those people who share common personality and lifestyle. 9. What were the Spanish impact on on the Filipino languages? Do you think these impacts enriched the Filipino ‘languages’? Why? * Filipinos adjust some Spanish words and after that we are today using it in our daily lives.
Examples will be silla (silya), meas, piltra (kama), ventana (bintana), gastronomía (kusina), and many more. And for me personally these phrases enriched Filipino languages as it contributes many words that people actually employing at the present time. And it makes Filipino words and phrases more useful and meaningful. 10. Identity some of the types of amusement today which are of Spanish origin. What is the value of amusement? Were the amusements good or bad for the people under Spanish regulation? Explain your answer. 2. The Sakla/Sacla (card game). To make money for the winning item of card. Poor, of course.
Since since then and until now, cash is involved so it is previously one kind of illegal wagering. And sometimes, it also becomes a single form of wagering addiction. 10. Name Spain’s achievements in education. What do you think of this kind of education? * The teaching method of the Spaniards was not of very good. Science courses were not taught as they should end up being. So when ever one examines the educational system under the Spaniards in Israel with the educational system of other European countries within their colonies through the same period, one will readily see the stark big difference. 12.
In general, would you consider Spanish impacts to be confident or negative? Give your factors. * Personally, Spanish affects brought unwanted effects on us. Even though yes, there are some positive and great influences that Spanish delivered to us just like religion, education, etc . But the majority can be negative. Given that they implement or emphasize right after of each position in life of every man in a society. In clothes and education, social divisions, and emphasizing ethnicity differences were part of just about every Filipinos your life; and that’s due to many negative effects and influences that The spanish language brought to all of us.
Chapter eight 1 . Explain how the Uk occupation of the country exposed the eyes of the people in certain parts to the idea of freedom and expulsion with the Spaniards. 2. British delivered an expedition from India, which during that time was a nest of England, to the Israel to take up and grab it by Spain. They will decisively bitten the Spaniards so the Spaniards defeated since their cannons were zero match towards the superior cannons and guns of the English. So after that, the United kingdom took over the reins of presidency and guaranteed the safety of Spanish representatives, the community, and property.
In short, the Uk did a lot of moves to open up the eye of the persons in certain areas to the notion of freedom and expulsion with the Spaniards. installment payments on your Why do the economic plans of Governor-General Basco fail? 2. It failed in its goal to improve overseas trade between colony and Spain because of mismanagement and lack of co-operation of the Manila merchants who also preferred to interact in the galleon trade. several. Why had been the Spanish authorities in the Philippines against the education in the Filipinos?
2. Because they are scared that Filipinos would later on ask uncomfortable questions regarding Spanish violations, incompetence, ineffectiveness, greed, and corruption. 4. Explain the way the Filipino central class arose. Who made up the middle category? * As exports in agriculture elevated, inquilinos or perhaps the tenants inside the haciendas and their families started to accumulate prosperity. Together, the constituted the center class. your five. Explain how a opening in the Suez Channel affected the educated Filipinos.
* This influenced several educated Filipinos and quickly both had been asking the federal government to expose changes in the operations of the nest. Influx of progressive literature and magazines to the region is another result. These literature and journals were browse by the knowledgeable Filipinos who have learned about democratic practices in Europe, such as freedom from the press, liberty of the press, freedom of speech, plus the free exchange of ideas among people. six. What was the effect of the immigration of generous Spaniards within the educated Filipinos and mestizos?
* The educated Indios, mestizos, and Spaniards born in the Israel showed their particular appreciation to the liberal Spaniards that we can easily understand that this shows their particular happiness upon migrating of which to the Thailand. 7. Just how did the Spanish Wave of 1868 affect the events in the Thailand? * This affects the people’s life-style and events a lot. Living simply and avoiding luxurious, dismissing the halberdiers of palace through walking the streets of Manila in civilian clothing is some of changes and results happened. almost 8. What were the reconstructs of Governor-General Carlos Helen de la Campanario that endeared him for the educated Filipinos?
* He abolished the censorship from the press, he abolished selling as a consequence, and this individual solved the agrarian unrest in Cavite. 9. How come was liberalism in the Thailand short-lived? So why was a reactionary governor-general provided for the Thailand? * For the reason that Republic of Spain ended in 1870 when the monarchy was restored and a new california king assumed the Spanish tub. With this change from republic back to monarchy, the monarchist officials of Spain delivered to be Philippines some like-minded Spaniards for taking over the political leadership in the country.
Since to immediately reverse all the reforms of de la Campanario before. 12. Explain what is meant by secularization. How did this kind of lead to Filipinization? * Secularization is the activity of changing something (art or perhaps education or perhaps society or perhaps morality etc . ) it is therefore no longer beneath the control or perhaps influence of religion; transfer of property from ecclesiastical to civil control. The activity would after be referred to as “Filipinization due to its racial overtone. 11. Why do you think the Spanish regulators called the Cavite mutiny a rebellion?
* Because this mutiny was caused by the revocation with the privilege of shipyard staff to be free from pressured labor and from spending tribute simply by Govenor- Basic de Izquierdo. And it was also because they murdered some The spanish language soldiers and officers inside the fort. 12. Explain the importance or significance of the execution of Dads Gomez, Burgos, and Zamora. * The value of the execution of three priests rested on the fact which the Filipinos who also witnessed the execution began to think and feel while Filipinos, not as Ilocanos, Tagalogs, Visayans, Bicolanos, and others.
They will suspected that because that they belonged to a different sort of race, the Spaniards, who had always experienced superior over the Filipinos, had taken them pertaining to beasts of burden. The execution of Gomez, Burgos, and Zamora may possess halted the secularization movement but not it is advocacy to get “Filipinization of the parishes. The Spanish government with its terrible measures, continued, to frighten the Filipinos into submitting. Nevertheless, the seeds of Filipino nationalism had been selected and planted on suitable for farming ground. JOVER SALVADOR IA12103 PROF. HANNAH BODEGON.
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